Mary Tudor of England
Born on February 18, 1516 at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich, England was Mary Tudor, daughter of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon.
Mary had 5 siblings: Elizabeth I of England, Edward VI of England, Henry Fitzroy, and the 1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset. Mary was very highly educated and was able to read a Latin letter by age 9. At age 12 she translated the prayer of St. Thomas Aquinas from Latin to English. She took the throne in 1553 reigning as the first queen regent of England and Ireland. Being Catholic, Mary made a lightning rod of conflict while attending the throne.
Mary's hometown was Greenwich, England. Although, she had spent a lot of time in France during her childhood.
Mary Tudor is important to world history, as any monarch is, because it allows us to have a snapshot of that country during those years. However, specifically to Mary Tudor, she was important to world history because of her strong Roman Catholic links to other countries. In England she persecuted Protestants famously burning over 300 at the stake, landing her the nick-name "Bloody Mary", thus upsetting Protestant countries such as the German Princedoms (modern Germany) and the Netherlands. In these countries universities and such had influenced the new and growing Protestant Churches, more and more with extreme Lutheran backgrounds.