A CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE
A genocide is the deliberate extermination of a racial, political, religious, or cultural group. Most people only think one genocide happened, the holocaust. The truth is that there were a lot more horrible genocides. The Cambodian genocide was a horrible, gruesome, awful event. It took place through 1975-1978 in Cambodia.
The Khmer Rouge committed the genocide. The Khmer Rouge were the communist party in Kampuchea. Kampuchea is another name for Cambodia.Pol Pot was the leader of the Khmer Rouge. He admired Stalinism and Maoism. Stalinism and Maoism were policies that were based of of Stalin and Mao, and their ideas were socialism, communism and state terror. The goal of the Khmer Rouge was to get Cambodia back to“Year Zero,” where all citizens would have to work and any western innovations would be removed. The Khmer Rouge didn't like western people, so they tried to get rid of anything like them, like no western clothing, no western electronics, no western music or movies. They tried to make Cambodia a communist country. It was to make everyone equal, to live in an agrarian society, which is a farming society. Angkar Loeu- a imaginary figure kind of like Big Brother from the book 1984. Big Brother was a "symbolic" leader that had total control over people. The Cambodian people were forced to serve Angkar Loeu.
The Cambodian genocide was against most Cambodians. The Khmer Rouge feared the educated would cause problems in creating year zero, so they killed them. Journalists, lawyers, doctors, professionals, students, professors, upper class were all killed. School , universities, hospitals, and factories and private buildings were all shut down. Churches, temples and religious buildings were all burned. People were shot for speaking a foreign language or wearing glasses because these were traits of western innovations. People were also shot for showing any kind of emotion. The killing inspired by propaganda, the Khmer Rouge saw all these people were threats to their new society. The Khmer Rouge also targeted religious and ethnic groups. Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, were all killed. Other languages were also banned.
The genocide took place in Cambodia, a country in southeast Asia. Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam border Cambodia. Cambodia's capital is Phnom Phen. 3,314,768 people died in the genocide, 25% of the population. The Cambodian people were tortured, a lot died from being shot, starvation, malnutrition, disease, and overwork. 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.' was a Khmer Rouge slogan. That was part of the propaganda used by the Khmer Rouge.
The Cambodian genocide ended in 1978. On December 25, 1978, Vietnam invaded Cambodia trying to stop Khmer Rouge attacks. Vietnam captured Phnom Penh on January 7, 1979. The Khmer Rouge leaders went west and reestablished in Thailand. The Khmer Rouge continued until 1999 when all members had left, been arrested or died. The genocide ended in 1978 but the Khmer Rouge group did not end until 1999.
The Cambodian genocide was a horrendous event. Every genocide is a horrible thing.. No one should ever be forcibly removed from their homes, get separated from their family and be tortured and killed. We need to learn from society's mistakes and let things like the Cambodian genocide never happen again.
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