2nd Party System Government
By: Tara, Phillipa, and Reed
In the primitive days of the American government, the 1st party system only consisted of Federalists who believed in a strong central government and Democratic-Republicans who believed in a weak central government. Later, in the mid 1800's 4 political parties emerged from the 1st party system to form the 2nd party system. The National Republican Party, that was in opposition to Andrew Jackson, turned into the Whig party which supported the supremacy of congress over the presidency and restriction of trade between the states. After that, the Anti-Masonic Party emerged and didn't agree with the views of freemasonry. They later joined the Whig Party that developed into the 3rd party system along with the Democratic Pa. On its own was the Democratic Party that believed in strong individual rights, but a government in control of economic endeavors.
Through the late 1700's and the early 1800's, 2 major political parties existed:the Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans (green and purple paths). In 1820 however, the the federalists could no longer support a candidate and there was only one party, Democratic- Republican, for president (single green point). Throughout the years, the Democratic Party managed to stay together and never fade (blue path), but the National Republic party split up into Anti-Masonic and then to Whigs and then they lastly came back together to help destroy Jackson (orange and yellow paths).
This political cartoon depicting Andrew Jackson riding a donkey is an image from a slanderous campaign against him during his run for presidency against Anti-Masonic Henry Clay in 1832. Despite negative campaigning Jackson was re-elected. This is the first association of the Democratic Party with the donkey, which later became the symbol of the democrats when it was used in a newspaper by cartoonist Nast.