The Rock Cycle

Down below will tell you about the different arts of the rock cycle.

Weathering and Erosion

How it works!

Weathering- wind, water, and ice breaking down rock.

Erosion- wind, water, and ice transporting soil and sediment from one location to another.

Wind, water, or ice can break a rock into little sediments, this is called weathering. The sediments can be carried away and can be relocated by wind, water, or ice, this is called erosion.

Transport and Deposition

How it works!

Deposition- the process of material being laid down or dropped.

The sediments are being layered because the rock is being laid down.


How it works!

Sedimentation- the tendency for particles in suspension to settle out of the fluid in which they are entrained, and come to rest against a barrier.

Sediments are combined when there is a lot of suspense pushed onto the sediments.

Compaction and Cementation

How it works!

Compaction and Cementation- sediments binding together when weight is deposited up on them.

Sediments are on top of each other then the weight above the sediments pushes them together.

Sedimentary Rock

How it works!

Sedimentary Rock- type of rock former by compacting and cementing.

Sediments like dirt and sand are laid down on top of other sediments then the rock forms when the sediments have combined.

Burial, High Temperature and Pressure

How it works!

Heat and Pressure- when sedimentary rock exposed, then turned into metamorphic rock.

When sedimentary rock is exposed to heat and pressure, it turns into metamorphic rock which is a different type of rock.

Metamorphic Rock

How it works!

Metamorphic Rock- extreme heat and pressure causing rocks to change into different types of rock.

Metamorphic Rock is made when sedimentary rocks are exposed to extreme heat and pressure, when the rock is exposed to extreme heat and pressure, the rock changes forms into a different rock called Metamorphic Rock.


How it works!

Melting- make or become liquefied by heat.

When heat is extreme and it melts the rock and makes it magma.

Magma from Molten Crust & Mantle

How it works!

Molten Crust and Mantle- liquified rock and between the crust and the core.

The crust is the outside and the mantle is by the core and is very high temperature.


How it works!

Magma- hot fluid or semifluid material below or within the earth's crust from which lava and other igneous rock is formed by cooling.

A volcano shoots and forms rocks called igneous rock and the rock has 2 types, extrusive igneous rock and intrusive igneous rock.

Intrusive Igneous Rock

How it works!

Intensive Igneous Rock- volcanic rock that are formed beneath Earth's surface.

When lava or magma is in the ground and it cools, it makes a igneous rock that is called intrusive igneous rock.

Extrusive Igneous Rock

How it works!

Extrusive Igneous Rock- volcanic rock that are formed near or on Earth's surface.

When lava or magma on Earth's surface cools, it makes type of igneous rock called extrusive igneous rock.