Chinese Painting and Calligraphy
-the art of ancient Chinese Culture
The Lantingji Xu (simplified Chinese: 兰亭集序; traditional Chinese: 蘭亭集序; pinyin: Lántíngjí Xù; literally "Preface to the Poems Collected from the Orchid Pavilion") or Lanting Xu (蘭亭序)
The Lantingji Xu is composed in year 353. Written in semi-cursive script, it is among the most well-known and well-copied pieces of calligraphy in Chinese history. This work began as the preface to a collection of poetry seminal to the Chinese nature poetry movement, but developed somewhat of a life of its own: it describes the event during that year's Spring Purification Festival; in which, 42 literati including Xie An and Sun Chuo were present at agathering at the Orchid Pavilion near Shaoxing, Zhejiang, at which they to composed poems, played music, and enjoyed the wine. The gentlemen engaged in a drinking contest: wine cups were floated down a small winding creek as the men sat along its banks; whenever a cup stopped, the man closest to the cup was required to empty it and write a poem. In the end, twenty-six of the participants composed thirty-seven poems.
The Second best running handscript- Yan Zhen Qing's "Ji Zhi Wen Gao"天下第二行书：颜真卿祭侄文稿
Yan Zhenqing (simplified Chinese: 颜真卿; traditional Chinese: 顏真卿; pinyin: Yán Zhēnqīng; Wade–Giles: Yen Chench'ing) (709–785) was a leading Chinese calligrapher and a loyal governor of the Tang Dynasty. His artistic accomplishment in Chinese calligraphy parallels the greatest master calligraphers throughout the history, and his regular script style, Yan, is often imitated.
"Ji Zhi Wen Gao" is not aimed to entertain aesthetically like other classic Chinese calligraphy arts. It was written in memorial of his brother's and niece's death during putting down the insurrections. The forceful and vigorous strokes and characters expressed his deep grief and loyalty toward the tragedy of his family and his country as well. Every stroke including the ink of obliteration shows the calligrapher's strong temporal emotion. This work is ranked as second best running hand script Chinese calligraphy art, following Wang Xi Zhi's "Lantingji Xu".