The Canadian Shield and Tourism

The Canadian Shield is a large area that consists of beautiful landscapes. Lots of people already come to the Canadian shield to canoe,hike, ski or snowboard and enjoy nature. Since there are many cities in the Canadian shield, tourists can rest at nearby hotels if they are not accustomed to sleeping outdoors. Or by constructing small cabins near popular attractions so that the tourists would not have to leave their destination. By doing this, tourists from around the world can experience nature while still being in their comfort zone.

Climate Region

As the Canadian Shield is a large area the climate differs. The northern region has a very cold climate where the average low temperature is about -25 degrees Celsius and the average high is about 10 degrees Celsius. Summers have around 18.5 hours of sunlight and winters have about 5.5 hours of daylight. The southern region has an average low temperature of -8 degrees Celsius during winters and a high of 22 degrees Celsius in the summers. Compared to the northern region, the southern region has longer hours of daylight where in the winter there is about 8.5 hours and the summer about 15.5 hours. Furthermore the average rain fall is between 200-300 mm and snow fall 1200-1500 mm.

Natural Landscape of the Canadian Shield

The natural landscape of the Canadian Shield is rugged and hilly and has lots of bodies of water, both small and large. In addition ice sheets have added eskers, drumlins, deposits of glacial till and other glacial features to the region. The most unique feature is called the smoking hills where is a site of slow-burning coal.  It is supposed to resemble paintings of hell, the sulpher fumes have rid of vegetation and smoke rises from cracks through the ground that is covered in ash.

Vegetation and Soil

The Canadian Shield is to be covered with trees, both coniferous and deciduous. These forests basically consist of Birch, Aspen, Tamarack, Spruce, Willow, Hemlock and Pine trees. Some other plants and trees that can be found are Jack Pine, Marsh reed grass, Swamp Laurel, Black Spruce and Bearburry. The Canadian Shield is told to be beautiful during the fall as there are leaves in almost every colour. In addition you can find lots of berries like Blueberry, Bunchberry, Bearberry, Soapberry, Cupidberry, Baneberry, Gooseberry, and Crowberry. The Canadian shield lowlands has soil that is very dense and soggy therefore resulting in many marshes and bogs. The rest of the region lacks moisture and is frozen the whole year which is called tundra. So the vegetation is coniferous and deciduous and the soil type is both soggy and course.

Geology (Rock types)

The Canadian Shield is exposed to both metamorphic and igneous rocks which relate to the long volcanic history. The shield also homes Canada's oldest rocks that date back about 3.9 6 billion years. The shield has an abundance of copper, gold, iron, and nickel as well.

Human Activites

Naming human activities that could take place in the Canadian Shield is easy as the region is so large. Three examples could be fishing by Huntsville, Ontario, hiking the Bruce Trail, and canoeing by Churchill river. Fishing, hiking and canoeing are all activities that let tourists connect with nature, and know how lifestyle back in the day was before advanced technology. The climate in both the northern and southern shield have longer hours of daylight and reach highs of 10 and 22 degrees Celsius which is a great temperature to do the activities listed above.

Influence of climate

Since the main tourist attractions would need warm temperatures, they would be visited during the summer but not the winter. As the earth is slowly warming, summers will get longer and winters shorter. So for attracting tourists, it would be a plus point since they could visit between a longer time period. Although some tourists may not want to visit if the temperature is too warm, which may turn the plus point to a negative point. Therefore the climate warming as years pass by can either be a positive or negative point depending on the tourists' opinions.

Natural Disasters

Natural disasters are bond to happen somewhere sometime. As the Canadian shield is near water, floods, hurricanes or tornado, and lightning storms could occur. Floods could happen as a cause of heavy rainfall, bodies of water, strong winds, etc. Hurricanes have already hit areas around Nova Scotia which isn't very far from the Canadian Shield. There have also been many been tornadoes that have either hit or came close to Quebec, Toronto and many other places in the Shield. Lightning storms could always happen as well, if the build up of electrons is very strong. Fires could also star because of this since the Canadian shield is almost covered in trees, which is higher up to the sky therefore easier for the lightning to strike. In short, floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and lightning storms could be possible natural disasters in the region.


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