Best Place For Business

By: Vaishavi Sathyamoorthi

The St. Lawrence Lowlands

        The St. Lawrence Lowlands is great place to start many businesses because of its great climate, soil, land and population. It is a beautiful and resourceful area that can be used for so many different things.

Natural Landscape

          The St. Lawrence Lowlands is part of Central Canada having important cities such as Ottawa, Quebec City, Toronto and Montreal. It is the smallest land form region, however,it is the most populated and has a great economy. It has an area of 46,000 kmĀ². The St. Lawrence Lowlands is the place for water. It has Lake Erie, Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, and the St. Lawrence River. The land here is flat with not as many hills. This region also has very fertile soil that is great for farming.  

Human Activities

There are great resources that can be found in this land and it is also know for its great agriculture. The biggest industry in the St. Lawrence Lowlands is manufacturing. 50% of the jobs in the St. Lawrence Lowlands is related to manufacturing. Most of the items that get manufactured there are coal, steel, iron-ore, and limestone. These minerals can be exported to other places because it might not be the most commonly manufactured minerals in other areas which is great for the exporting business. In addition, farming is also another popular industry that is done in the St. Lawrence Lowlands because of it's flat land and fertile soil. There are so many crops that is grown in this region because of its amazing land. However, one great business that can be done in this land form region is international exporting because of the Ocean right beside it! There are also many goods and resources in the St. Lawrence Lowlands that can be exported outside!

Climate

        The closest region to the equator in Canada is the St. Lawrence. It has humid summers because of the Great Lakes that cause precipitation and the moisture in the air. The average amount of rainfall per year in this region is about 100 cm. This would make it very easy and convenient exporting goods. However, The St. Lawrence Lowlands has very unpredictable winters. It can be extremely cold because of the humidity in the air. It can also have high amounts of precipitation because of the interaction between the Arctic air and the warm gulf masses. Temperatures can go below 30 degrees Celsius and snow up to 80 cm.  This instability in the weather is caused by the Oceans in this region.

      This graph shows the average precipitation and weather for each month in Quebec City, Quebec. In Quebec, the coldest month of the year is January going under -13 degrees Celsius  with very little precipitation and the hottest month being July at 20 degrees Celsius. Most precipitation is in September and the lowest being in February.  A hot weather and the most precipitation at the same time, makes farming much better in the summer.

    This graph shows the climate statistics for Toronto, Ontario having the relatively same data as Quebec City, Quebec.

Vegetation and Soil

Soil

    The soil in the St. Lawrence Lowlands is very fertile because the St. Lawrence Lowlands was once flooded by the sea for a very long time. Organisms and plants fell into the sea leaving layers of sediment behind during this time. Since the sea floor is also really flat it is also easy for agriculture. Due to this, it is very easy for farmers to grow crops that they want. Since many crops are grown in this region, there will be so many goods that can be exported and since the ocean is right beside it, it makes exporting so much more easier.

Vegetation

      The St. Lawrence Lowlands has the greatest biodiversity. It has 5 biographic zones. The Carolinian forest, deciduous forest and mixed wood forest in the western and central units and mid boreal and high boreal forests in the eastern unit. Since the soil is very fertile, many plants and trees can be grown in this land. Most common ones are: walnut, maple, hemlock, and oak. Tobacco plants, cherries, peaches, grapes, hay, apples, carrots, and beans are also found in this land. Vegetation in this area is also typified as broadleaf forest of sugar maple, American Beech, basswood, white oak, red oak, shagbark hickory, black walnut, and butternut, farm fields and man altered sites.Animals have very good food sources in this area. This gives people in this region great access to all the fruits and vegetables and also attracts other regions and or countries to import our goods.  

                                                                                                                                                                                                

Influence of Climate Change

     Some experts say that if the temperature of the St. Lawrence River increases 2-4 degrees Celsius, Lake Ontario's average flow can be lowered by 24%. Since the major source of the St. Lawrence River is Lake Ontario, a decrease in flow of this magnitude could result in water levels dropping 1 metre in some areas of the St. Lawrence. In the past, from 1985 and 1991, there was a 0.7 degrees Celsius increase in temperature. This resulted in decrease of flow in the Great Lakes as well as the St. Lawrence River.

This picture shows the affect of temperature change in the past.                    

Since the 1930's, flow statistics studies have showed us that low flow occurs approximately every 30 years. Followed by greater flow that can go beyond more than 200 000 cubic metres per second.

Research shows that if climate warming continues like this without much attention paid to it, we can expect to see the following things in the upcoming years:

- Wetlands drying out and littoral areas expanding.

- Water quality decreasing because of increased pollutants.

- Temporary or permanent transfer of sedimentation zones.

Change in water for this region is extremely important because water is the main resource for the St. Lawrence Lowlands. Also while exporting goods the water conditions are extremely important. The affect on water can also affect the whole region because a portion of the crops and vegetation depends on the Oceans. Accordingly, if that Ocean gets polluted or the flow of water is decreased it will affect all the organisms in that region. As a result, climate change may not be the best thing for this region, but still can be overcome if proper attention and care is taken towards it.

Risk of Natural Disaster

The most common natural disaster in the St. Lawrence Lowlands are earthquakes. This is because it is part of the rift valley that originated in the Cretaceous time. During the historical times about 10 major earthquakes have taken place in each century. Earthquakes mostly happen in the lower St. Lawrence. Since the the St. Lawrence Lowlands is nearby bodies of water, there can be risks of floods. In general. the St. Lawrence Lowlands is not really prone to natural disasters as much as the other regions of Canada. As a result, natural disasters may not be the biggest problem for business in this region especially international exporting.

Geology

The St. Lawrence Lowlands manufactures coal, steel, iron-ore, limestone, copper, and zinc. Iron-ore can be crushed and people can smelt it to make pig iron that can be turned into steel. Steel can be used for sheeting on houses, buildings and other tools. Copper can be used to make many metal items. Finally, zinc can be used for medicine. The other minerals also have an essential use too. These minerals are great for business in land and to export to other land. The topographic features of this region was a result of subaerial weathering, and erosion by the rivers, during the last 100 million years, of the sedimentary rocks at the lowlands in the early Palezoic era. The rocks in this region are sandstone, limestone and shale, and dolomite. These rocks are about 520-480 million years old. All these sediments are in a basin that is surrounded by more resistant and older crystalline rocks. As a result, the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowlands mostly contains of sedimentary rocks.

Conclusion

As a result, with all the information gathered, the St. Lawrence Lowlands does have a few cons, but it is not as bad. The St. Lawrence Lowlands still has many pros that help it's environment and business aspects. It has many great features and that is why it is the most populated area in Canada!

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