Types of Community


  • Competition: is an interaction Between organisms or species, in which the fitness of one is lowered by the presence of another.
  • predation: s a biological interaction where a predator (an organism that is hunting) feeds on its prey (the organism that is attacked).
  • Mutualism: a relationship between two species of organisms in which both benefit from the association.
  • Commensalism: a type of relationship between two species of a plant, animal, fungus, etc., in which one lives with, on, or in another without damage to either.
  • Parasitism:A symbiotic relationship in which one organism (the parasite) benefits and the other (the host) is generally harmed. Parasites derive nutrition from their host and may also gain other benefits such as shelter and a habitat in which to grow and reproduce

Real life examples

  • Competition- two bears are fighting for mating rights
  • Predation- a lion attacks and kills a antelope for food
  • Mutualism- A zebra and a oxpeacker the zebra benefits because the bird is eating all the parasites off it and the oxpeacker gets a free meal.
  • Commensalism: A whale with barnacles attached to it the barnacles get a free ride but the whales don't benefit at all they just kinda deal with it

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