Kingdom of Mali

By: Lauren Brasher & Caroline Howe

Mali was located in the Sahel, which is a grassy region on the southern border of the Sahara Desert. It was in an agriculturally rich area of land along the Niger River. The Kingdom of Mali became powerful through controlling the trans-Saharan trade routes between the west and the north of Africa. They were especially known for their gold trade and most of the gold came from up the Niger River. After the death of Mansa Musa, a ruler of the Kingdom, Mali's power began to decline. His sons could not hold the Empire together. His death resulted in the loss of their territory, losing their trade power, which caused the Empire to crumble.


These sculptures trace back to sometime between the 13th and the 15th centuries in the country of Mali. It is not known how the statues were used, but it is known that they were made of fired clay. The sculptures represent warriors dressed in military gear holding cases to hold arrows on their backs and knives strapped to each of their left arms.


The main religion in the Mali Empire was Muslim. They also had a traditional religion that was polytheistic. Mansa Musa ruled the Mali Kingdom in hopes for a mighty Muslim kingdom. The Islamic religion came to the Kingdom of Mali as an outcome of the trans-Sahara trade.


Mali is located in western african. The major river within Mali is the Niger river. This river provided water for bathing and doing their laundry. The northwestern area is located in the sahara desert. Timbuktu is located in Mali and is a powerful trade center and library that contained Greek and Roman books.