Road to the Civil War
Made by Erik, John, and Rasam
The abolitionist movement was a movement to end African and Indian slave trade and to set them free. It began in 1830, in the northern states. These states would slowly but surely begin passing laws to not allow slavery. The states in the south didn't like this because if one of their slaves escaped, they couldn't go retrieve until the law was passed, saying that if the slave was captured in the north, he should be returned to his master in the south.
Education Reform Movement
The Education Reform Movement also began in 1830 and continued to be a strong influence up until 1870. This movement focused on making education more available to children. To begin with, it costed money to send their kids off to school. This movement's goal was to have more state funded schools (public schools) so that more of America would become literate.
The idea of Manifest Destiny began in 1840 and continued strong up until somewhere in 1845. It is the belief that American settlers were destined to spread out throughout the continent of North America. The democrats supported this idea but some prominent figures in the American society (Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses Grant, and most whigs). Many American settlers moved west during this 5 year period. They settled ever wear west of the Mississippi, claiming land and building homes along the way.
Fugitive Slave Law
Uncle Tom's Cabin
March 20, 1852
This book made slavery an issue about slavery and how all slaves should be freed. It showed enslaved people being loaded onto to ships and being taken to slave markets, where they would be sold to the highest bidder.
When Lincoln met the author, he said, "So your the little woman who wrote the book and started this war." Lincoln believed that this book largely contributed to the start of the Civil War.
Kansas Nebraska Act
This act set both Kansas and Nebraska up as states. Kansas was admitted as a slave state. Nebraska however, was both a free state and a slave state. It allowed slavery at some point and at others, it did not. Above the 36' 30', it was free. Below the 36'30', it was a slave state. This act caused fighting among the citizens of the state and some guerrilla warfare broke out.
Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott first went to trial to see if he could sue for his freedom in 1847. IT took ten years, but after many repeals and court reversals, his case finally was taken to the Supreme Court. The court decided that no man, whether he is a slave or of African ancestry, could never become citizens of the United States, which in turn meant that they could not sue for their freedom in court. The court also decided that the federal government did not have to power to prohibit slavery. This is one of the most infamous court cases in history. Dred Scott, needless to say, remained a slave....
Completed in 1869, the Transcontinental Railroad linked the Eastern U.S. Railroad system with California's Railroad system. It mostly helped the North by providing a better and faster transportation system. Affected the South in smaller ways such as better transportation if they were going North, but it did not affect them as much.