The Internet of Things (IoT)
What is it?
"Internet of Things is the network of physical objects that contain embedded technology to communicate or interact with other IoT devices or the external environment."
Samsung, a very popular brand of tech devices, is one of the pioneer of IoT. On stage, during a keynote presentation, Samsung CEO began to define what role Samsung sees the Internet of Things is taking.
In essence, Samsung's idea is that just about every device you have — and even products like chairs, that you don't normally expect to see in technology — will be connected and talking to each other. On a basic level, Samsung imagines that you'll be able to take off your headphones when you arrive home and have the music they were playing automatically start up through your speaker system.
In 2020, every single product that Samsung sell will be connected to the Internet of Things.
Self-Made IoT for Devs
Also developers, not only companies, have started thinking about IoT. What they did was creating some smart development board that are capable to be connected to the Internet and also to particular hardware like sensors, motors or similars. These developer board connected with a particular hardware allows a beginner developer to develop a smart device. For example we can take a developer board like Arduino and connect to it a temperature sensor and our boiler, then with few lines of code we can program it to start the boiler when the temperature in our house is less than 18 degrees and to stop it when we greached the temperature of 20 degrees.
Gartner, Inc. forecasts said that 4.9 billion connected things will be in use in 2015, up 30 percent from 2014, and will reach 25 billion by 2020. Soon some level of built-in intelligence and connectivity will be regarded as standard, and this will rapidly filter down to mainstream products and services.
David Cameron announced that the UK Government would spend an extra £45 million on aiding IoT development. In his own words, the UK is taking the IoT “seriously”.
How will your life change?
There are some prediction about how interconnected smart devices will change our life.
The ‘smart fridge’ is the much-cited example of the practical uses of IoT that already exist – one that will tell you when you’ve run out of eggs, or when your milk is about to go out of date.
Connected health technologies have gained prominence as a result of the widespread occurrence of chronic diseases and the stringent need to control healthcare costs of an aging population. Improved home care facilities and regular health updates to clinicians reduce the chances of redundant or inappropriate care, improve patient care and safety, and reduce overall costs of care. The IoT-MD provides an environment where a patient’s vital parameters get transmitted by medical devices. It helps store data for millions of patients and perform analysis in real time, ultimately promoting an evidence-based medicine system.