Ivey Chapter 4
Questions Open Communication
Why are questions essential?
Intentional Questions Help in Counseling
*Questions guide the counseling session in a direction the counselor believes is helpful
*Helps counselor fill in the gaps when data is missing
*Good question starters...
WHY (can sometimes sidetrack)
Questions can be problematic though...
*Can make the client feel like you are grilling them...
*Can be confusing (stacking)
*Ask yourself--do you really need the nitty-gritty to be helpful?
When the counselor uses a question to get their own agenda across.
Example: "Do you really think it was wise to leave school at that point?"
Open Questions vs. Closed Questions
General Info about Open Questions
*Cannot be answered in just a few words
*give more control of the session to the client
*facilitate deeper exploration of the issues
*encourages clients to talk and provide maximum information
*Usually begin with WHAT, HOW, WHY, or COULD
General Info about Closed Questions
*Tend to be answered in only a few words
*Burden of guiding the talk remains on counselor
*If overused the counselor might run out of things to say
*Usually begin with IS, ARE, or DO
*A positive is that they can bring out important, specific data
Some general questions that work well in counseling:
*Is there anything else going on in your life?
*What have we missed today?
*What else do you want to share with me?
"Could you give me a specific example?"
Often takes the client from vague to more specific and this will give you a direction to go...
When you don't know what to do...you're stuck...have no direction...are desperate for "what's next??"
ask an open-ended question.
*Could you tell me more about that?
*How does that make you feel?
*What is your ideal solution to the problem?
*What else do you want to share today?
These questions will help you...
*buy some time to think
*will give you a new lead to try
*or will just give your session a sort-of "kick start"