Before the signature of the Transplantation of Human Organs Act in 1994, selling organs was not only legal in India, but was quite also a successful market. Although, it is the signature of this act that is known to be the organs trafficking dawn.
The question remains: Why is organs harvesting so popular in plenty of countries, especially in India?
In 1994, the signature of the Transplantation of Human Organs Act made organs selling highly punishable. Since then, instead discouraging racketers, it seems that organs trade has increased significantly, especially kidney, wich takes 75% of this market. The main reason for this is India's poverty. Poor indian people are willing to do pretty much everything for a few bucks, like selling their own body parts.
Also, the high lucrativity of the illegal market give high benefits to organ traders. It is known that they pay less than 1500$ a donnor for a kidney, and then sell it over 150 000 to the kidney buyer. The brokers' profit margin is so high that it is difficult for them not take part of this forbidden activity.
Who is the main target of organ trafficking?
As mentionned higher, poverty in India makes the poor, illetrate indian laborers the most vulnerable people in this situation. Because they do not have access to great education, it is even easier to take advantage of them. Also, tourists that are not very familiar with the country can be victims of illegal organs trading. For example, they can be kidnapped, drugged, and then they get their kidneys removed and such.
Another important actor in this illegal market is the organs racketers. Most of the time, they do not even have their medical skills and diplomas, which means they aren't even surgeons.