Heian nobles of the court loved beauty and elegance. It became a great center of culture and learning. The nobles were great supporters of the arts. The golden age of arts in japan was between 794 and 1185.
The Heian nobles had wardrobes full of silk robes and gold jewelry. Women wore long gowns made of 12 layers of silk that were folded to show off many layers at once. The womens outfits were completed with delicate decorative fans. On the fans was painted with flowers, trees, and birds.
They also took great care in how they spoke and wrote. Writing was popular,especially among women. Women wrote diaries about their lives in court. They carefully chose words to make their writing beautiful. Men usually wrote in Chinese and women wrote in Japanese. Many great works of Japanese literature were written by women. Lady Murasaki Shikibu wrote the Tale of Genji,it is considered to be the first full-length novel.
Back then,Japan's popular art forms were paintings,calligraphy,and architecture They liked bright,bold colors. They liked paintings with illustration of a story. Many artists painted on doors and furniture rather than on paper. They also wanted their writing to look as beautiful as they sounded.
The nobles wanted their city to be beautiful. They loved Chinese architecture and they made their capital resemble Chinese architecture. They copied Chinese buildings. The buildings had sloped roofs. To add more beauty,they added elegant ponds and gardens. Similitude gardens are still popular today.
Religion became an art,they had elaborate rituals,but some people were to poor to attend those ceremonies. Different forms of Buddhism developed. Pure land Buddhism chanted to Buddhas. Another popular form of Buddhism called Zen arrived from China.
Fashion has changed over the years. Japanese women no longer really wear long robe dresses. Today they wear shorts with leggings and longs tee shirts. It's not Just japan that the fashion has changed. The US clothes just keep getting shorter and shorter. Apparently so is japan.