The attack of pearl Harbor

Majerle Suitts 2nd

The attack on Pearl Harbor occurred on December 7, 1941.

  • The Japanese attacked the United States without warning.
  • The attack lasted 110 minutes, from 7:55 a.m. until 9:45 a.m.
  • A total of 2,335 U.S. servicemen were killed and 1,143 were wounded. Sixty-eight civilians were also killed and 35 were wounded.
  • The Japanese lost 65 men, with an additional soldier being captured.
  • Pearl Harbor is on the south side of the Hawaiian island of Oahu and is the home to a U.S. naval base.
  • The attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II.
  • Plans for a surprise attack against the United States were begun as early as January of 1941.
  • Although it was Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto who initiated the plans for the attack against Pearl Harbor, Commander Minoru Genda was the plan's chief architect.
  • The Japanese used the codename "Operation Hawaii" for the attack on Pearl Harbor. This later changed to "Operation Z."
  • The Japanese specifically chose to attack on a Sunday because they believed Americans would be more relaxed and thus less alert on a weekend.
  • The Japanese specifically chose to attack on a Sunday because they believed Americans would be more relaxed and thus less alert on a weekend.
  • The Japanese attack force stationed itself approximately 230 miles north of the Hawaiian island of Oahu.
  • The Japanese launched their airplanes in two waves, approximately 45 minutes apart.
  • The first wave of Japanese planes struck Pearl Harbor at 7:55 a.m. The second wave reached Pearl Harbor around 8:40 a.m.
  • When Japanese Commander Mitsuo Fuchida called out, "Tora! Tora! Tora!" ("Tiger! Tiger! Tiger!") upon flying over Pearl Harbor, it was a message to the entire Japanese navy telling them they had caught the Americans totally by surprise.
  • The main target of the Japanese was to be the aircraft carriers; however, since all three U.S. aircraft carriers were out to sea, the Japanese focused on the battleships.
  • The attack had several major aims. First, it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific Fleet from interfering with Japanese conquest of the Dutch East Indies and Malaya.
  • The attack took place before any formal declaration of war was made by Japan, but this was not Admiral Yamamoto's intention. He originally stipulated that the attack should not commence until thirty minutes after Japan had informed the United States that peace negotiations were at an end.
  • The first warning Hawaii received that Japan might attack the US was sent by the Navy to its fleet commanders on October 16, 1941.
  • The attack consisted of two waves of bombing aircraft, with a total of 353 planes used.
  • an African American cook on board, Doris Miller, fought with courage and later on was awarded the Navy Cross for his actions beyond the call of duty.

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