Manifest Destiny of 1845

The Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.

The Reform Movements

is a kind of social movement that aims to make gradual change, or change in certain aspects of society, rather than rapid or fundamental changes.

Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

This law forced Northern law enforcement officers to aid in the recapture of runaways, over en thousand fugitive slaves swelled the flood of those fleeing to Canada. he law threatened the safety of all blacks, slave and free, and forced many Northerners to become more defiant in their support of fugitives. This controversial law allowed slave-hunters to seize alleged fugitive slaves without due process of law and prohibited anyone from aiding escaped fugitives or obstructing their recovery.

Laws designed to create a compromise between the north and the south in order to prevent the south from seceding from the Union. These resolutions came to be known as the Compromise of 1850

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Uncle Tom's Cabin, written and published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852, was the most popular 19th century novel and, after the Bible, was the second-best-selling book of that century. Over 300,000 copies were sold in the United States in its first year alone.  Uncle Tom's Cabin is roughly based on the life a former Maryland slave, Josiah Henson, who struggles against slavery.

This had a very big impact on the south because it showed the harsh reality of slavery and portrayed the south in a bad light. The south feared that it might persuade congressmen and political leaders to abolish slavery.

According to legend, Abraham Lincoln greeted Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1862 by saying "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war." Whether the story is true or not, the sentiment underscores the public connection between Uncle Tom's Cabin and the Civil War.

Kansas and Nebraska Act of 1854

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