World War 1

Concentration Camps

Concentration Camps.

-The term "Concentration Camps'' refers to a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal forms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy.

-The first concentration camps in Germany were established soon after Hitler's appointment as chancellor in January 1933.

-German Authorities established camps all over Germany on an AD HOC base to handle the masses of people arrested as alleged subversives.

-Camps were an essential part of the Nazis systematic oppression and mass murder of Jews, political adversaries , and other considered socially and racially undesirably. There were concentration camps forced labor camps,extermination or death camps, transit camps , and prisoner - of - war camps. the living conditions of ALL camps were brutal.

-Dachau , one of the first Nazi concentration camps , opened in March of 1933. At first, they only interned known political opponents of the Nazis ; Communist, Social Democrats, and who had been condemned in a court of law. The First commander was SS official, Hilmar Wackerle. He was replaced in June of 1933 after being charged with murder on one of the prisoners.

-The very first concentration camp was in operation from 1933 to 1945. It was completed in the mid 30's. It was composed of 32 barracks and could hold up to 6,000 prisoners. The first prisoners arrived there on March 22, 1933. They were still under construction whenever the prisoners arrived.

- By the end of the first year, there had been 4,800 prisoners registered into the new barracks.

-The Nazi's also constructed gas chambers (rooms filled with poison to kill the people inside) to increase the killing efficiency and to make the process more impersonal for the  perpetrators.  

-Dachau is still standing today.

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