The Muslim Empire
632 AD - 1700 AD
Information on the Muslim Empire
The Muslim Empire was one of the fastest growing empires during its time. This empire began during the seventh century and took about 100 years to expand through military conquest. This empire expanded out from Mecca, east to India, all the way west across the northern part of Africa, and up into Spain. The Muslim Empire came to and end during the 18th century.
The Muslim Empire was very much into learning and therefore contributed many things to our society. In the mathematics department, they created algebra and trigonometry. They also created a banking system where they used money and borrowing money was allowed. By learning from the Greeks, the Arabs created astronomical tables. Medicine was another big contribution of the Arabs. They had doctors who had to pass exams before working, written medical textbooks, and hospitals where ill people could be treated. The architecture of the Muslim Empire was mainly influenced by the Byzantine and Gupta Empires; it involved many geometric shapes and patterns.
The Muslim Empire spread quickly because the Arabs were great fighters and they took over lands through military conquest. They believed that if they died while in battle, then they would go directly to heaven, this is called a Jihad. The Muslim Empire did however have a stop in growth to the north at the Battle of Tours. Here, in southern France, the Arabs were forced to retreat when a group of Franks came to stop their advance. During the Golden Age of the Muslim Empire, many ideas were spread and lots of learning took place. These ideas influenced the European cultures as well through trade, the Crusades, and how close, geographically, they were to Europe. Because of the organized culture of the Muslim Empire, many Roman and Greek ideas had been preserved and were also improved upon. With this preservation we are still able to study the Greeks and the Romans today.