S.S CE

*Democracy-Any form of government in which political power is exercised by all citizens, either directly or through their elected representatives.

-DIrect-There are no representatives in government: The citizens vote on everything

ex.In ancient Athens, Greece, they held assemblies where citizens voted to pass laws.

-Representative-Like direct democracy, all citizens participate in government

ex.People elect representatives who vote on laws for the citizens

*Autocracy-a system of government by one person with absolute power.

ex.A form of government in which political power is controlled by one individual such as a monarch, dictator, emperor, etc.

-Monarch-is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication. They are called the monarchs.

ex.Rule by kings, queens, princes, and princesses… sometimes by other names, but always MONARCHS!

--Absolute monarch-or absolutism is a monarchical form of government in which the monarch has absolute power among his or her people. An absolute monarch wields unrestricted political power over the sovereign state and its people.

ex. china

--constitutional monarch-

  1. Constitutional monarchy is a form of government in which a king or queen acts asHead of State. The ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not with the Monarch.

-Dictatorship-government by a dictator.

*Theocracy-a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god.

  • the commonwealth of Israel from the time of Moses until the election of Saul as King.

*Oligarchy-a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.

*Anarchy-a state of disorder due to absence or nonrecognition of authority.

*Communism-Communism is thus a form of socialism—a higher and more advanced form, according to its advocates. Exactly how communism differs from socialism has long been a matter of debate, but the distinction rests largely on the communists' adherence to the revolutionary socialism of Karl Marx.