Tobacco Tackk

Addictive Potential

  • Cigarettes have nicotine.
  • Nicotine increases the heart rate by flooding the bloodstream with carbon monoxide. The addictive quality of nicotine causes the body to crave the continued adrenaline rush. A state of heightened awareness results from the activation of the brain's pleasure center. Stimulation and relaxation occur as a person's heart rate increases. Eventually, smokers require the addicting effects of nicotine to wake, fall asleep, concentrate, manage stress, socialize and regulate the digestive system.

Tackk it up!

Tobacco Basics

  • Tobacco is a green, leafy plant that is grown in warm climates.It can be smoked in a cigarette, pipe, or cigar. It can be chewed (called smokeless tobacco or chewing tobacco) or sniffed through the nose (called snuff).

  • There are over 4,000 chemicals in a cigarette
  • Carcinogens are agents that can cause cancer.A cigarette contains at least 43 carcinogens.

  • Thousands of young people begin smoking every day.10

    ·         Each day, more than 3,800 persons younger than 18 years of age smoke their first cigarette.

    ·         Each day, about 1,000 persons younger than 18 years of age begin smoking on a daily basis.

  • Carcinogens are agents that can cause cancer.A cigarette contains at least 43 carcinogens.

Effects of smoking

  • Irritation of the trachea (windpipe) and larynx (voice box)
  • Raised blood pressure and heart rate
  • Stickier blood, which is more prone to clotting
  • Reduced bone density.
  • Permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs.
  • Less oxygen carried by the blood
  • More prone to infections such as pneumonia and influenza
  • Reduced ability to smell and taste
  • Premature wrinkling of the skin
  • Gum disease (periodontitis).
  • COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Chronic bronchitis:  is a chronic inflammation of the bronchi
  • Emphysema: is a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath.

An x-ray of someone with emphysema.

Second Hand smoke

Second Hand Smoke: is the inhalation of smoke by persons other than the intended 'active' smoker

Sidestream smoke: smoke which goes into the air directly from a burning cigarette, cigar, or smoking pipe.

Mainstream smoke: a smoke that is inhaled through a tobacco product and exhaled by a tobacco smoker.

Children exposed to second hand smoke can have learning problems, lung problems and usually develop asthma.

For nonsmokers, breathing secondhand smoke has immediate harmful effects on the cardiovascular system that can increase the risk for heart attack.

Extra Credit: Though you're not exposed to smoke when you chew tobacco, you are more prone to teeth and gum decay and disease. And your chewing tobacco intake is usually more than cigarettes, so you can get more addicted.

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