Kingdoms Of Africa

By Stacey Kopinski

The Kingdom of Ghana-

Location: Upper Niger river valley, between the Sahara and the tropical forests along the West African coast.

Government: The kings of Ghana were strong rulers who governed without any laws. They relied on thousands of army men to protect them.

Economy: Most people in Ghana were farmers. Ghana traded gold and iron. The center of their trade empire was gold. Muslim merchants from North America brought metal goods, textiles, horses and salt to Ghana. Salt was also very important to Ghana.

Collapse: The kingdom of Ghana flourished for serval hundred years. It was weakened by wars and collapsed during 1100.

The Kingdom of Mali-

Location: The Atlantic coast but it extends far inland to the famous city of Timbuktu.

Government: They had a strong government. In 1240, Sundiata defeated the Ghanaians and captured their capital. There were many different great leaders of Mali. One of the richest and most powerful leaders of Mali was Mansa Musa. He doubled the size of Mali and divided it into provinces ruled by governors. Each local ruler were religious and administrative rulers, they collected taxes and sent them to the Kings of Mali.

Economy: Mali built it's wealth on gold and salt trade but most people were farmers.

Collapse: The civil war divided Mali.

The Kingdom of Songhai-

Location: East of Timbuktu the river makes a wide bend. The Songhai people live along the Niger river South of the bend.

Government: A ruler names Kossi converted to Islam and established the Dia dynasty (first Songhai state). Sunni Ali created a new dynasty, The Sunni. Muhammad Ture overthrew the son of Sunni Ali and created a new dynasty, The Askia.

Economy: The empire prospered because of salt and gold trade. Songhai had total control over the trading empire that made Ghana and Mali so prosperous.

Collapse: Forces of the sultan of Morocco occupied most of Songhai.

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