The Russian Revolution V.S. Animal Farm

How do the two relate?

What is the Russian Revolution and Animal Farm?

The novel Animal Farm is an allegory for the Russian Revolution. This means that the characters and events in the novel symbolize actual people and events that took place in history. In 1917, the Russian Revolution swept through Russia ending centuries of imperial rule and setting in motion political and social changes that would lead to the formation of the Soviet Union. In the novel Animal Farm , the author George Orwell uses animals on an English farm to tell the history of Soviet communism and uses certain animals to directly represent Communist Party leaders.

Czar Nicholas II

  • a poor leader at best, compared to western kings
  • cruel - sometimes brutal with opponents
  • Sometimes kind - hired students as spies to make money

Mr. Jones

  • money irresponsible to his animals (lets them starve)
  • sometimes cruel - beats them with whip
  • sometimes kind - mixes milk in animal mash

Karl Marx

  • invented Communism
  • "workers of the world unite", take over government
  • dies before Russian Revolution

Old Major

  • taught Animalism
  • workers do the work, rich keep the money, animals revolt
  • dies before Animal revolution


  • other leader of "October Revolution"
  • pure communist, followed Marx
  • wanted to improve life for all in Russia
  • chased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin's secret police)


  • young, smart, good speaker, idealistic
  • really wants to make life better for all
  • one of leaders of revolution
  • chased away into exile by Napoleon's dogs


  • not a good speaker, not educated like Trotsky
  • same as Napoleon, didn't follow Marx's ideas
  • cared for power, killed all that opposed him
  • used KGB, allowed church, and propagandized to control the peasants


  • not a good speaker, not as clever like Snowball
  • cruel, brutal, selfish, devious, corrupt
  • his ambition is for power, killed opponents
  • used dogs, moses, and Squealor to control animals

Lenin’s propaganda dept.

  • worked for Stalin to support his image
  • used any lie to convince the people to follow Stalin
  • benefited from the fact that education was controlled


  • big mouth, talks a lot
  • convinces animals to believe and follow Napoleon
  • Changes and manipulates the commandments

KGB (Secret Police)

  • not really police, but forced support for Stalin
  • used force, often killed entire families for disobedience
  • totally loyal, part of Lenin's power, even over army

The Dogs

  • a private army that used fear to force animals to work
  • killed or intimidated any opponent of Napoleon
  • another part of Napoleon's strategy to control animals


  • Marx said "Opiate of the people" a lie
  • used to make people not complain and do their work
  • Religion was tolerated because people would work
  • Stalin knew religion would stop violent revolutions

Moses the Raven

  • tells animals about SugarCandy mountain - Heaven
  • animals can go there if they work hard
  • Snowball and Major were against him
  • they thought Heaven was a lie to make animals work
  • Napoleon let him stay because he taught animals to
  • work and not complain

Selfish peasants

  • some people didn't care about revolution
  • only thought about themselves
  • went to other countries that offered more for them


  • was vain - loved her beauty and self
  • didn't think about the animal farm
  • went with anyone who gave her what she wanted

Dedicated betrayed peasants

  • people believed Stalin because he was "Communist"
  • many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin a tyrant
  • betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them


  • strong, hard working horse, believes in Animal Farm
  • "Napoleon is always right", "I must work harder"
  • gives his all, is betrayed by Napoleon, who sells him


  • no owners, no rich, but no poor
  • workers get a better life, all animals equal
  • everyone owns the farm


  • same
  • all people equal
  • gov't owns everything, people own gov't

Skeptical people

  • weren't sure revolution would change anything
  • realized that a crazy leader can call himself communist
  • knew that communism wouldn't work with power
  • hungry leaders


  • old, wise donkey who is suspicious of revolution
  • thinks "nothing ever changes", is right
  • his suspicions are true, about Boxer and sign changes

Three overall details:

Overall details about Animal Revoluion

  • it was to make life better for all (main idea from start)
  • life was worse at the end
  • The leaders became the same as, or worse than, the humans they rebelled against (not accomplished)

Overall details of Russian Revolution

  • supposed to fix problems from Czar (main idea from start)
  • life was even worse long after revolution (not accomplished)
  • Stalin made Czar look like a nice guy

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