The Renaissance Outside of Italy: 16th century (Chapter 23)
1. Under the umbrella of the beginning Reformation, Durer, Altdorfer, Cranach, Grunewald, & Holbein create works that take into account the monumental nature of this time period. Comparisons - North vs. South - Is there anything about this work that defines a Northern style? Whose roots go back through the Romanesque and Gothic periods?
2. Analyze mannerist influences arise
3. Analyze the art of the Netherlands (Bruegel), France (importation of a southern classical (mannered) style) , and Spain.
4. Analyze the assertion of the power of the royalty in France and Spain.
5. Analyze the work of El Greco.
6. Continued realism found in Northern Renaissance art combined with a desire to confront the political, social, and theological issues of the day
7. Adoption of a new type of “humanism,” one that is fascinated by the human condition, especially under duress (e.g., “human folly” in Brueghel, “human vanity” in Holbein and Massys, “human endurance and determination” in Durer and Grunewald)
8. Impact of printmaking on artistic imagery and the spreading of ideas