A More Perfect Union
Allie Peebles- American History- Period 3- Unit 2- December 12, 2014
Top 10 List
#10 Yorktown, Virginia:
In 1781, Great Britain (lead by Lord Cornwall) was at war with the Colonies (lead by George Washington). Both countries marched from New York to Yorktown and the Colonies surrounded and overtook Cornwall and his army, forcing them to surrender. In 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed Yorktown which officially ended the Revolutionary War.
#9 Thomas Paine:
In January 1776, Thomas Paine published the pamphlet "Common Sense" that helped change the public's opinion of King George. "Common Sense" called for complete independence from England. It was written towards the average person so everyone could read and comprehend what Thomas Paine was trying to say. His overall goal was to inform the Loyalists about how cruel Britain was and to convince them to become Patriot to increase the Patriotic forces.
#8 Valley Forge:
The Continental Army spent the winter of 1777-1778 stuck in Valley Forge. Approximately 2,500 soliders died of sickness, hunger, and frostbite and many people just ran away in hope to find better living conditions. In 1778 the colonial armies and the British began to fight again and a sense of nationalism was restored.
#7 Henry Knox:
As the first United States Secretary of War, Henry Know had to set a standard for War specialists and secretaries to come later in US history. Henry Knox was elected Secretary of War by Congress in 1785 and 1789. He was one of the first people to truly specialize in war which was important because the US would not have been able to defeat Britain and we would still be a part of England. Fort Knox in Kentucky and Fort Knox in Maine were both named after Henry Knox.
#6 Samuel Adams:
Samuel Adams, also known as the "Father of the American Revolution", was a poor but knowledgeable man. He was a lawyer and had a keen interest in politics. Adams signed the Declaration of Independence and was an important part of the Boston Massacre.
#5 Paul Revere:
Paul Revere was a Patriot who was most commonly recognized for his "Midnight Ride". Bravely, he rode through the country to warn the colonists the British were comming and war was approaching. By doing this, he saved the lives of many soldiers and citizens and helped the Colonies prepare for the British attack and the war that was yet to come.
#4 James Madison:
James Madison was the fourth president of the United States. He was an important part of giving Congress the power to enforce the Articles of Confederation and it's requisitions. He was often remembered for his contribution to the Virginia Plan and his role in the House of Delegates. Madison joined the House of Representatives after his presidency in 1789.
#3 James Monroe:
James Monroe was the fifth president of the United States. He had a major influence on the American Revolution and the Republican Party. He is often remembered because of the Monroe Doctrine, named after James Monroe himself. Like George Washington's Farewell Address, the Monroe Doctrine discouraged involvement in foreign affairs.
#2 Thomas Jefferson:
Thomas Jefferson was elected to draft a formal document declaring the belief that colonies should be independent nations. He strongly believed in natural and unalienable rights (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness). He was the 3rd president of the United States and he served for two terms. Jefferson was the first national authority to transfer from one political party to another (Democratic-Republic/Federalist).
#1 George Washington:
Washington was unanimously chosen to be the commander of the Continental Congress. He grew up as an ambitious Virginia Politician. He took office on April 30, 1789 in New York City. His job was to run the colonies and set a standard for all the future presidents. People thought Washington should be president for life but he didn't want to rule as a monarchy so he stepped down after serving his 2nd term. Washington wrote a Farewell Address after his presidency which encouraged people to stay out of foreign affairs and not form political parties. George Washington was so important in establishing the United States in so many ways.
George Washington Biography
George Washington was raised to be an ambitious leader. In 1753 when he was 22 he fought in the French-Inidian War. He was a Virginia Politician from 1759-1774. Washington was unanimously chosen to be commander of the Continental Congress. On April 30, 1789 he took office as the first president ever. The way George Washington ruled would set a standard for future presidents. After serving two terms people wanted him to become president for life but he didn't want his reign to become a monarchy so he decided to retire. He wrote a Farewell Address after his presidency, declaring the Colonies should not form political parties or get involved with foreign affairs because that will never end peacefully and successfully. After Washington retired John Adams took over as president. George Washington was a brave man who was considered to be the best president ever. He set a criteria for presidents to this day.
We the People
July 5th, 1776
Good day to the free people of America! Yesterday, on July 4th, 56 delegates of the 13 colonies of America signed a document called the Declaration of Independence. This stated the reasons colonies wanted to separate from Britain. Unlike the unconstitutional taxes Britain placed on us, this declaration ensures the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These unalienable rights are given by our Holy God and can not be taken away by the government. For this we must say an extra prayer at the alter Sunday morning. The Declaration of Independence consists on an introduction, list of complaints, and final declaration of freedom. As you know, many Loyalists and all Patriots have been asking Britain to stop imposing taxes. King George did not listen to us and it got a tad out of hand and now here we are, The United States of America. What a day to celebrate! The colonies will never forget the day they gained their freedom from Britain.
The One and Only King George
King George was an amazing father, husband, and leader. Born on June 4, 1738 in London, King George was raised in a royal family. His mother was the Princess of Augusta Saxe-Gotha and his father was Fredrick, the Prince of Wales. At age 22 he married Sarah Lennox, sister of the Duke of Richmond. He was the proud father of 15 successful kids, 9 boys and 6 girls. After spending his whole life as king of the colonies and England, the United States wanted freedom. King George was not trying to make the colonists miserable by putting taxes on their items!! He was simply trying to find the most personal benefit as well as the most benefit for England. Well, the colonies put up a fight and declared their independence from the all powerful King. He tried to fight back and even though he did not succeed, we still applaud his efforts. Although King George has left us, his memories and legacy remain.
Black Berry Cobbler
- Preheat oven to 375 degrees F (190 degrees C).
- In an 8 inch square baking dish, mix blueberries, 3 tablespoons sugar, and orange juice. Set aside. In a small bowl, thoroughly mix flour, baking powder, and salt. Set aside.
- In a medium bowl, cream butter and 1/2 cup sugar until light and fluffy. Beat in egg and vanilla extract. Gradually add flour mixture, stirring just until ingredients are combined. Drop batter by rounded tablespoons over blueberry mixture. Try to cover as much of filling as possible.
- Bake in preheated oven for 35 to 40 minutes, until topping is golden brown and filling is bubbling.
By the Numbers
1.) There were 13 colonies in America that became the United States of America.
2.) Between the British and the colonists, 2500 people died at Valley Forge.
3.) There were 56 delelates that signed the Declaration of Independence.
4.) Thomas Jefferson was the 3rd president of the United States.
5.) George Washington served as president for 2 terms and the stepped down.
6.) 1000 people were killed or wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill.
7.) The first 10 amendments in the Constitution are called the Bill of Rights.
8.) 5 colonists were killed at the Boston Massacre.
9.) 342 chests of tea were thrown overboard at the Boston Tea Party.
10.) 73 British regulars were killed at Lexington and Concord.
Lexington and Concord
On June 28, 1778, the British troops were marching from New Jersey to Sandy Hook. For the past month or so the American troops had been on the British's heels. They were doing violent, obnoxious things to the British like burning their bridges, mudding their wells, and cutting trees around their roads. Sir Henry Clinton was the leader of the British and George Washington was the American leader. Many people from both sides were captured, killed, and wounded. After the British had finally had enough they open fired on the Americans with cannons. This battle came to be know as the Battle of Monmouth because that is where it took place. The battle ended in a stalemate but it was more like a loss for both sides because so many people died and there was so much destruction. The Battle of Monmouth was not the most terrible part of the Revolutionary War, but it was a major part that we still remember today.
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