How the Brain Becomes Organized
- The brain becomes organized in a very unique way based on certain experiences a child goes through.
- Systems of nerve cells that control actions, thinking, seeing, and hearing, happen from dendrites and axons connecting and growing strong.
- When this happens, neurons link.
- After many repetitions of an action, for instance, neurons work so well together you learn and things become easy.
- Ex: A group of neurons work together while a child drinks from a cup on their own. The network of synaptic connections fires together in a certain sequence. At first, it's hard for the child to control their muscles. Then, it becomes a habit and they do not have to think twice about it.
- These connections do not just happen when we are babies, though.
- We continue to learn new ideas throughout our whole entire lives.
- These connections can also be broke when we are not repeating action.
- Pruning= lose synapses all through lives (forget what we learned)
- We are always gaining new memories as well as loosing knowledge that is not useful making room for new useful stuff.
- The brain CAN be reorganized.
- Organization doesn't happen all at once.
- Stroke= have to relearn stuff
- The cortex, which is located in the cerebrum, allows more complex thinking.
Early Brain Development
In the first year, babies' intellectual and motor skills grow and change at an amazing rate. Development happens faster in the first year than at any other time of life
- A neuron is a brain cell
- The links between neurons is called a neural pathway.
- By providing new activities, parents and other caregivers can stimulate or awaken a baby's senses of sight, smell, touch, taste and sound.
- Newborns learn about the world through their senses.
- The cortex is part of the brains cerebrum and its growth.
- The cerebrum receives sensory information.
- An axon is the connection between the neurons that transmit instructions from the cell body to another neuron.
- The brain is divided into different sections. Each section controls a specific function, or job, of the body
- As babies experience more input from the world around them, their brains respond by forming more connections in the brain.
Caregivers can help the development of the baby's brain pathways by:
- Giving the child a stimulating environment
- Let the child smell and touch things
- Doing the same task over and over again (repetition)
When this happens,
many repetitions of an
action, for instance,
neurons work so well
together you learn and things become easy
Ex: a group of
neurons work together while a
child drinks from a cup.
The network of
synaptic connections fires
together in a certain sequence.
first, it is hard for a child to control their muscles in order to
hold the cup on their own. After doing it over
and over, it becomes a
and it is easy for them to do.
Caregivers can help with the development of
the baby's brain pathways: