Final Solution: Kristallnacht

By: Tyler Manniello

Kristallnacht (The night of broken glass) occurred on november 9-10th 1938 throughout the streets of Nazi Germany and Austria. On 9 November a diplomat died. That afternoon Joseph Goebbels gave a speech attacking the Jews and calling for an organized attack against the Jews. The SA were used to organize further attacks against Jews and their shops, homes and synagogues. The night became known as Kristallnacht due to the number of windows broken during the attacks.

On the nights of November 9 and 10 mobs ran throughout Germany and parts of Austria and Sudetenland freely attacked Jews in the street, in their homes and at their places of work and worship. At least 96 Jews were killed and hundreds more injured, more than 1,000 synagogues were burned (and possibly as many as 2,000), almost 7,500 Jewish businesses were destroyed, cemeteries and schools were vandalized, and 30,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps.

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