Juan Peron
By: Brooke Barrett

1) Profile of your leader

Juan Peron was born on October 8, 1895. He was born near Buenos Aires but grew up near Patagonia. His family was a lower middle class family. Juan Peron began his military career at 16 where he entered a military school. After his time at military school he joined the army. Because his family was in the lower-middle class he served in the infantry branch instead of the cavalry because the calvary was for children who were in wealthy families. Juan Peron married his first wife in 1929 but she died 8 years later from uterine cancer. In 1944-1945 Peron was Vice President under Eldemiro Farrell. Peron's first term as President was a very successful one, he paid off forgien debts, centralized the grain industry, raised worker wages, and built schools and hospitals. Peron spent 1955-1973 in exile in Spain and Venezuela.

2) Audio/Visual/Artistic Element

This video is a music video for Juan Peron, it is a mix of a pictures and video clips from people who supported Juan Peron. This is probably during Peron's first term because the people really supported Juan in his first term and not his second. Juan Peron wanted to separate the Church and the State and this was a very controversial topic at this time, in June the Church and some military leaders started to plot out how to overthrow Peron. He was exiled after "he held a rally in protest, opponents in the military launched a coup which included the Air Force bombing the Plaza de Mayo during the protest, killing almost 400" (Source 1). Because of that attack, military leaders were able to take control of Cordoba and drive Peron out of power.

3) Creative Piece

                                                                                                                         September 20, 1955

Dear Journal,

Yesterday I was driven out of power. Four days before this I held a rally that ended up getting 400 people killed. The same people that killed those innocent people took me out of power. Everything started to go downhill when Evita died of cancer. Because of her I was a great ruler, there was Peronism which was based upon three thing; social justice, economic independence, and political sovereignty. This ideology rejected the extremes of capitalism as well as communism and because of this people compared me to fascist dictators. But going back to September 16th, 1955. There were uprisings held by military leaders such as, General Eduardo Lonardi, General Pedro E. Aramburu, and Admiral Isaac Rojas. This military leaders were against my threat to separate the church and state, this would take out educating the youth on religion in the public school system. I am no longer allowed in my country because yesterday I was driven out of power by those military leaders. I plan on spending my time in Venezuela, and hopefully someday I will be able to return to my home country.

Juan Peron

4) Essential Question

What would happen if a political leader questions the separation of church and state in the Argentinian Government?

Source 1-