Characteristics of Poetry: Figurative Language

  • Metaphors-Describe one thing as it  were something else.
  • Personification-Gives human qualities to something that is not human.
  • Similes-Use like or as to compare two seemingly unlike things.
  • Symbol-Anything that represents something else.

Characteristics of Poetry:Sound Devices

Alliteration-The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.

Repetition-The use of any element of language-a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence- more than once.

Assonance-The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllable.

Consonance-The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables.

Onomatopoeia-The use of words that imitate sounds.

Rhyme-The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.

Meter-The rhythmical pattern in a poem.

Forms of Poetry

Narrative-Tells a story in verse.

Haiku-A three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines each have 5 syllables and the second line has 7.

Free Verse-Defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.

Lyric-Expresses the thoughts and feeling of a single speaker, often in a highly musical verse.

Ballads-Songlike poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.

Concrete-Shaped like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page.

Limericks-Humorous, rhyming, five-line, poems with a specific rhyme pattern and rhyme scheme.

Rhyming Couplets- Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.