THE STATE OF PENNSYLVANIA
The General Assembly of Pennsylvania authorized the official state flag in 1799. The Pennsylvania flag features the state coat of arms embroidered on a field of blue fringed in gold. The state motto is on a ribbon at base of the design (Liberty, Virtue, Independence). The Pennsylvania coat of arms also appears on the state seal.
Mountain laurel was designated as Pennsylvania's official state flower in 1933. Mountain laurel is an evergreen shrub native to the eastern United States (from southern Maine to northern Florida and west to Indiana and Louisiana).
Mountain laurel is also called ivybush, calico bush, sheep laurel, lambkill, clamoun, and spoonwood (native Americans used to make spoons from the wood). The mountain laurel is one of the most beautiful of native American shrubs. The fragrant star-shaped white and pink flowers have attracted travelers since early colonial days (first recorded in America in 1624).
The ruffed grouse was designated the official state bird of Pennsylvania in 1931. Sometimes called the partridge, the ruffed grouse is one of 10 species of grouse native to North America, ranging mostly in regions where snow is an important part of the winter scene (consistently covering the ground from late November to at least late March). The ruffed grouse is a hardy bird which thrives during severe winters that decimate flocks of quail, pheasants, and turkeys.
The eastern hemlock was designated official state tree of Pennsylvania in 1931. Eastern hemlock trees were used by early settlers to build log cabins and as a source of tannic acid (for tanning leather). The eastern hemlock is a prevalent tree in Pennsylvania forests. A slow-growing, long-lived tree which can take 250 - 300 years to reach maturity and may live for 800 years or more.
THINGS TO DO
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War, the Union victory that ended General Robert E. Lee's second and most ambitious invasion of the North. Often referred to as the "High Water Mark of the Rebellion", Gettysburg was the Civil War's bloodiest battle and was also the inspiration for President Abraham Lincoln's immortal "Gettysburg Address".
Hershey, PA USA: Get ready for a fun-filled day of HERSHEY'S Happiness! Explore our assortment of sweet chocolate attractions and treat your senses to the many wonders of chocolate. You'll create warm memories to last a lifetime at HERSHEY'S CHOCOLATE WORLD Attraction!
They risked everything — “their lives, their fortune and their sacred honor.” During the blistering summer of 1776, 56 courageous men gathered at the Pennsylvania State House and defied the King of England. Eleven years later, representatives from 12 states gathered to shape the U.S. Constitution, finally creating one unified nation.
The guided tour of Independence Hall, led by National Park rangers, begins in the courtroom where lawyers from opposing sides shared tables and law books.
George Washington’s “rising sun” chair dominates the Assembly Room which is arranged as it was during the Constitutional Convention. In the adjacent West Wing, the original inkstand used to sign the Declaration and an original draft of the Constitution are displayed.