Aleena Arasseril :) :p


     The word "mi'kmaq" comes from a word meaning "my friends". Majority of the mi'kmaq's speak English but a few of them also speak Mi'kmawi'simk which is a part of the Algonquian language.


    Birch Bark were containers used to used to collect and store products. They were also used to cover wigwams which were the houses mi'kmaq's used to live in. Bark was also used to make baskets, fans, headbands, dishes etc.

Roles of Women, Men and Children

Women -

     In their communities Mi'kmaq women played important roles such as raising the children, taking care of their homes, collecting food, and preparing the food. Whether they were a man or a woman, both of their opinions had a equal value in the mi'kmaq society.

Men -

     Men usually hunted and went fishing. Sometimes, in order to protect their families they also went to war.

Children -

     As normal children, they played games, went to school and helped around the house. A lot of the mi'kmaq children loved to go hunting or fishing with their fathers.


     Storytelling was a really big part of their entertainment along with fishing, carving, beading and weaving baskets. They also played The Game of Waltes, which is still popular among the mi'kmaq people.

Decision Making

     In the mi'kmaq society leaders were chosen on their ability to make an agreement between the people.The leaders and council listened to everyone's opinions equally. The decision making was done by consensus. Consensus is basically where a few or more people try and persuade each other to come up with the same decision.


     In Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador, October is the Mi'kmaq History month. The purpose of this celebration is to promote public awareness about the mi'kmaq culture and heritage.

~ Mi'kmaq History Month Poster 2014 ~


     Mi'kmaq's ate things such as bear, moose, porcupine, fish etc. They also ate cranberries, blueberries, strawberries and raspberries.


     The mi'kmaqs lived in houses called wigwams. The frames of the wigwams were created by spruce poles tied together. Also in the middle they had a place for making a fire. Some wigwams could hold up to 30 people.


     The mi'kmaq's wore clothing that were made for the skins from the animals they hunted. Moose and deer skins were used for things such as Leggings, moccasins, sleeves etc. Their clothes were also decorated with coloured porcupine quills. In the winter, to keep them warm, they wore fur robes.


     For transportation they used canoes which were made out Birch Bark. There were also canoes made out of moose skin which can hold several families and their belongings. For walking during the winter, they also made snowshoes.


Click on the link below, to hear the mi'kmaq's song of honour.

Click on the buttons below if you would like to know more about the Mi'kmaq society.  


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