Carbon Element

Name: Carbon
Symbol: C
Atomic Number: 6
Atomic Mass: 12.0107 amu
Melting Point: 3500.0 °C (3773.15 K, 6332.0 °F)
Boiling Point: 4827.0 °C (5100.15 K, 8720.6 °F)
Number of Protons/Electrons: 6
Number of Neutrons: 6
Classification: Non-metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Density @ 293 K: 2.62 g/cm3
Color: black


Date of Discovery: Known to the ancients
Discoverer: Unknown
Name Origin: From the Latin carbon (coal)
Uses: steel, filters
Obtained From: burning with insufficient oxygen

uses for carbon

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anything that has carbon in it is made of carbon or part carbon

                                                     Interesting facts

  • About 20% of the weight of living organisms is carbon.
  • More compounds are known which contain carbon than don’t.
  • Diamond is an excellent abrasive because it is the hardest common material and it also has the highest thermal conductivity. It can grind down any substance, while the heat generated by friction is swiftly conducted away.
  • The carbon atoms in your body were all once part of the carbon dioxide fraction of the atmosphere.
  • Graphene is the thinnest, strongest material ever known.
  • Graphene is made of 2-dimensional atomic crystals, the first time such structures have ever been seen.
  • The graphite in a typical mechanical pencil has a diameter of 0.7 mm. This is equal to 2 million layers of graphene.
  • Car tires are black because they are about 30% carbon black, which is added to rubber to strengthen it. The carbon black also helps protect against UV damage to the tires.(8)
  • Carbon is made within stars when they burn helium in nuclear fusion reactions. Carbon is part of the ‘ash’ formed by helium burning.
  • Carbon undergoes nuclear fusion reactions in heavy stars to make neon, magnesium and oxygen.
  • Carbon is the fourth most abundant element in the universe.

Resource periodic table.com

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