Manufactured Fibers

Polyester, Nylon, Acrylic, Rayon, Acetate, Spandex


A synthetic resin in which the polymer units are linked by ester groups, used chiefly to make synthetic textile fibers.

Commonly used for: Children's wear, shirts, suits

-Made from coal or petroleum

  • Static buildup
  • Pills Easily
  • Great washability
  • Easy to care for
  • Resistant to wrinkling


A tough, lightweight, elastic synthetic polymer with a protein like chemical structure, able to be produced as filaments, sheets, or molded objects.

Commonly used for: Hosiery, swimwear, windbreakers

-First fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals

  • Dries quickly
  • Heat sensitive
  • Clings to the wearer
  • Strong, durable, elastic
  • Washes easily


made from polymers of acrylic acid or acrylates.

Commonly used for: terrycloth, bathrobes, knitted garments , outdoor furniture fabrics and awnings

-Resembles wool

  • soft and warm
  • strong
  • wrinkle resistant
  • pills easily
  • static buildup


A manufactured regenerated cellulose fiber. It is made from purified cellulose, primarily from wood pulp, which is chemically converted into a soluble compound

Commonly used for: Linings, sports shirts, jackets

  • Soft, absorbent, and comfortable
  • inexpensive
  • scratches and is weak when wet
  • mildews and wrinkles easily


A salt or ester of acetic acid, containing the anion CH3COO− or the group —OCCH3.

Commonly used for: Neckties, Lingerie, Blouses,Linings

  • very versatile
  • Silky,luxurious
  • Deep luster, soft
  • wrinkles easily
  • inexpensive and easy to dye


A type of stretchy polyurethane fabric

Commonly used for: Swimwear, Dancewear, Exercisewear

-Known for its ability to stretch

  • Nonabsorbent
  • Durable
  • Soft, lightweight
  • Easily damaged by chlorine bleach
  • Resistant to lotions, oils, sun and perspiration

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