WHAT IS BALKANIZATION?
It is a political process by which a state divides itself into smaller countries
HOW IT CAME ABOUT
Balkanization started first when the Balkans, part of Europe's Balkan Peninsula, divided into smaller states under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. After the Balkans had gained their independence, other countries started fragmenting and becoming their own states. Though, not all attempts were successful, and this became widely popular in the 18th and 19th centuries.
WHERE ELSE HAS IT OCCURRED?
Former Yugoslavia is now divided up in five independent countries. It may soon be six because Kosovo is not trying to seperate.
Former USSR has been pieced into 16 countriesand Russia is the largest.
Timor is also no longer part of Indonesia
Muslims in Jammu and Kashmir are trying to leave India's rule
Kurdish people have continuously fought to make a state of their own, Kurdistan.
Tamil Tigers are fighting to break away from Sri Lanka
Harpercollege.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2015. <http://www.harpercollege.edu/mhealy/g101ilec/intro/clt/cltcon/ cltconfr.htm>.
The Balkans. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2015. <http://alphahistory.com/worldwar1/
About Education. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2015. <http://geography.about.com/od/ politicalgeography/fl/ What-is-Balkanization-An-Overview-of-Balkanization.htm>.