Eating Disorders

What are Eating Disorders?

-each illness involves a preoccupation with control over body weight, eating food.

Who gets Eating Disorders? How common are they?

-Anorexia effects ONE in every two hundred teenage girls. Bulimia effects TWO in every hundred teenage girls.

Symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa

-loss of up to 15% body weight resulting from refusal to eat enough food

-an intense fear of becoming "fat" even though the person is underweight

-cessation of menstrual periods

Symptoms of Bulimia Nervosa

-strong concerns about body shape and weight

-attempts to compensate for binges and to avoid weight gain by self induced vomiting, and/or the abuse of laxatives

-eating binges which involve large consumption of food, during which the person feels a loss of self control and following which the person feels self disgust

Physical effects of AN and BN

-can cause harm to kidneys, UTI's, dehydration, constipation, cramps, seizures, chronic indigestion, loss of menstruation or irregular periods, heart palpitations.

Emotional and Psychological effects of AN and BN

-loneliness, due to self- imposed isolation, deceptive behaviors related to food, fear of disapproval with others if illness becomes known, mood swings, changes in personality, emotional outbursts or depression.

What type of treatment is available for people experiencing AN and BN?

-outpatient treatment and attendance in special programs.

-hospitalization

-medication could be prescribed

-counselling

http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/care_program_and_services/addiction_programs/Pages/guide_eatdis_addiction_clinic.aspx

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