Hong Kong City Profile
How does income inequality affect a city?
City 1/City 2:
1. Find basic background information on your city, such as
- A local and international view on the city, to provide more perspective
- What "kind" of city the city is, such as what role does it have globally
- What is special about this city?
I hold a certain pride when I say that I'm from Hong Kong. Not only is Hong Kong advanced in technology, but we also know how to incorporate our own culture and history into everything we do. Hong Kong may seem like a concrete jungle, but there are many hidden natural gems just minutes away from the busy hubbub of the city; which shows how many great factors Hong Kong has. Even though we are under the control of China, we own more freedom than mainland, which allows people from Hong Kong to be more culturally aware.
Hong Kong is an international hub for economic growth and trade. Given it's great location of being right by the ocean, and being right next to the border of Shen Zhen; easy access for transportation (which bloomed ever since late twentieth century) is provided. Hong Kong is a place for finance, which has been well served by the great work ethics and drive of the population. Another factor to the economic success of Hong Kong is the extensive progress and innovation in technology, a clear example being all the skyscrapers, an advanced public transportation system and one of the best airports in the world. Hong Kong also ranks as the 11th safest city in the world: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-20-safest-citie...
2. Find 3 or more maps of the city to help you understand the geographical structure of the place of investigation.
- the first map is a basic map of Hong Kong, showing the territories that Hong Kong is separated in
- the second map shows the population density of Hong Kong (it's extremely pixelated but I couldn't find a better one)
- the third map is the most relevant one, where it shows where people with different income live; with the darkest purple being the most wealthy and the lightest yellow being the least wealthy.
3. Form 3 more specific questions that would help you discover the cause, impact/effect and solution of income inequality. Ensure that this makes your investigation easier, not harder; make the questions specific.
- What factors contribute to income inequality in Hong Kong?
- What laws does Hong Kong have regarding income inequality?
- Where can we see income inequality in Hong Kong?
4. Find answers and information directly related to those questions through non-wikipedia web pages, new articles sources and data. Local sources would be more reliable.
- According to a report written by Ho Lap College in Hong Kong, income inequality is mainly contributed from 6 factors: "the migration of factory from HK to mainland China resulting in a large labour force which has low educational level to be unemployed and have lower income; aging population; emigrants from mainland China generally has inadequate working experience and skills; low taxation and the passive role of government in the economy; property speculation; monopolisation."
The report is linked above, and thoroughly explains the factors behind
- The statutory minimum wage has been confirmed since the 1st of May 2011 of 30 HKD/hour. There has been a slight rise, the minimum wage of 32. 5 HKD/hour has been in effect for no more than 7 days, ever since May of 2015.
5. Research upon any actions done related to income inequality as a community, such as organisations/people.
Hong Kong has an organisation called the Hong Kong Federation of Trade Unions, where they have fought for minimum wage. They are responsible for succeeding in urging the government to set minimum wage legislation, and their morals are "patriotism, solidarity, rights, benefits, participation"
6. Find 2 or more data sets related to the one broad and three specific questions, where one has to be mappable. This will help you understand the the statistics behind income equality directly relating to the respective city.
- Since the subject of investigation is income equality, it would be suitable to find a gini coefficient graph, which shows the relationship and comparison between the cumulative amount of income and the lowest to highest amount of income. (Gap minder has specific gini coefficient graphs in which Hong Kong has it's own individual set) Gini coefficient graphs from different years can be compared so the change can be documented and investigated regarding the reasons for the change in data.
7. Find at least 1 form of media for each question that would assist in understanding the question on a deeper level.
- Include photographs of lives of people with lowest income and highest income for a visual comparison.
Don't forgot to document this whole investigation in the form of a process journal; and use all the correct referencing when using information from other people.