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Diamonds in Africa
Who: First found in the Kimberly Mine (South Africa). By the 1880s the De Beers Diamond Mine in South Africa controlled the supply.
What: The discovery increased the world's diamond supply, subsequently decreasing their value. The diamond the industry greatly increased Africa's wealth, however they would eventully lead to brutal conflict in the late 20th century.
Where: Diamonds were first exported to Europe.
When: 1867 marks the first discovery of diamonds in South Africa
Why: Diamonds were first found in India, but by the 1700s their supply was depleted. The discovery of diamonds in Africa marked the first large scale mining operation.