Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights- The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
The Civil Rights Movement was one of the most successful social movements in the modern world. From Atlanta to the most rural countries of Georgia's southwest Cotton Belt, black activists protested white supremacy. They protested in many ways such as: legal challenges and mass demonstrations to strikes and self-defense. The results of these events were remarkable. As late as WW2 black Georgians were denied the right to vote, segregated in social situations, and subject to persistent discrimination and violence. By 1965, federal civil rights legislation prohibited segregation and discrimination, and this new phase of race relations was first officially welcomed into Georgia by Governor Jimmy Carter in 1971.
In the 50s and 60s African Americans wanted and were fighting to have the same rights as white people. They wanted to be able to eat in the same restaurants, use the same bathrooms and water fountains, and they wanted to have the opportunity to vote without having to pay taxes and take reading tests.
Music and singing gave the people a voice during the Civil Rights movement.
The songs during that time were called “Freedom Songs.” Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. said, “the freedom songs are playing a strong and vital role in our struggle.”
The song "We Shall Overcome" became the unspoken voice during this time period. This song was the most common song heard by people worldwide. Another song, "People Get Ready," by The Impressions showed the hope, faith, and excitement people had.
On August 28, 1963, a well-known march led by MLK had a record 250 thousand people participate. Joan Baez sang, "We Shall Overcome," another popular song during that time. Other artists, such as, Bob Dylan, Odetta, Marian Anderson, Mahalia Jackson, and other many famous singers were big artists during the Civil Rights Movement.
Martin Luther King Jr.- During the Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King Jr. positively had a huge impact on segregation. He was a humanitarian, pastor and activists. He tried to reduce social and physical separation of blacks and whites by get rid of Jim Crow Laws. Luther gave a speech that made some people adore and some hate him. He gave his speech, “I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not my judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.” March, 1963 in Washington D.C. On April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, Martin Luther was assassinated. He would never be forgotten.
Sit-Ins- In the Civil Rights Movement, restaurants, buses, public bathrooms, schools, marriages and other things, were separated by color. On February 1st, 1960 four African-American college students sat down at a local restaurant in Greensboro, North Carolina ad ordered coffee. The waiters refused, but the men sat waited patiently for service. This then started the sit-in movements.
Little Rock Nine- U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that facilities of education were unequal. Three years after, nine African-American students; Jefferson Thomas, Minnijean Brown, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Carlotta Walls, Terrance Roberts, Elizabeth Eckford, Thelma Mothershed, and Ernest Green; tried to integrate a Central High School in Little Rock. Daisy Bates and the President of NAACP of Arkansas recruited them and Martin Luther wrote a letter to Dwight D. Eisenhower to allow them to attend school. They were surrounded by a mob of people who tried to keep them away from coming in. Lawyers of NAACP won the case, allowing them to enter.
Modern Civil Rights Movements
I Cant Breathe: Garner/Decision Protests Hit Fifth Day- Video
As you can see from that video, there are still problems similar to the problems during the Civil Rights Movement. Protests are happening everyday, some violent and some non-violent. Just like the marches and protests that happened in 1954, people want a voice in what goes on in the community.