Owen Kern
3rd Period       The New World
Unit 1

Christopher Columbus and his crew claiming the New World.

THE NEW WORLD TOP TEN LIST!!!!

#10: Population BOOM!!!- By 1700, the colonies had 25,000 people in them. By 1775, the population grew to 2,500,000
#9: Squanto- Squanto was a native who helped the Plymouth town immensely. He taught the colonists how to fish, hunt, and grow crops.
#8: Jamestown- Jamestown was a small, new town that was settled in 267. It was located around the tidewater of Virginia.
#7: Jacques Cartier- Cartier explored a lot of Quebec, and sailed up the St. Lawrence River.
#6: John Cabot- This explorer found Newfoundland.
#5: Henry Hudson- Hudson was an explorer who explored the coastlines of New York and New Jersey.
#4: Plymouth- Another town in the New World that was settled Around 1620. The Puritans basically led the operation.
#3: The Aztecs- The Aztecs were a group of natives who lived around Mexico. They were conquered in the worst way possible, betrayal. The conquistadors came to Mexico and were worshiped by the Aztecs, then the conquistadors killed all of them.
#2: The Colombian Exchange- The Colombian Exchange was a trade between the Americas, Europe, and Africa. Some things that were traded were chocolate, horses, corn, tobacco, diseases, and more.
#1: Christopher Columbus- Columbus was an explorer who found the New World by accident when he went across the Atlantic Ocean in search for a new trade route to India.


                       TIMELINE


A long time ago: People crossed the Bering Strait to the Americas.

1500 b.c.- 300b.c.: Olmec Civilization- The Olmec Civilization was the first Mesoamerican civilization in Mexico. They mysteriously disappeared.

300 A.D.- 1100 A.D.: Mayan Civilization- Mayans had a theocratic government. They also made a 365 day calendar.

1325 A.D.- 1521 A.D.: Aztec Civilization- The Aztecs conquered most of modern day Mexico. They were the most powerful civilization of their time.

1200 A.D.- 1572 A.D.: Inca Civilization- Incas stretched over 3000 miles and had a population of 9 million. They were conquered by the Spanish in 1572 A.D.

1492 A.D.: Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas and was beleived to be India.

1497 A.D.: John Cabot explored the area where Newfoundland is.

1502 A.D.: Amerigo Vespucci traveled along the coast of Brazil. The continent was named America after him.

1521 A.D.: Hernan Cortes and his army captured the Aztec capitol Tenochtitlan.

1532 A.D.: Francisco Pizarro captured the Incan king. He was then assassinated by a rival conquistador.

1534 A.D.: England became a protestant country.

1536 A.D.: Jacques CArtier explored a lot of Quebec and sailed up the St. Lawrence River.

1541 A.D.: Hernando De Soto traveled through the New
World in search for a way to China.

1588 A.D.: Spanish Armada failed to conquer England.

1607 A.D.: Jamestown was established.

1609 A.D.: Henry Hudson explored through the coastlines of New York and New Jersey.

1619 A.D.: The House of Burgesses was created.

1620 A.D.: 102 passengers boarded the Mayflower to go to Jamestown.

1621 A.D.: The Dutch established New Netherland in New York and New Jersey.

1624 A.D.: Jamestown became a colony of England.

1754 A.D.: French and Indian War began.

                Biography

Hernando De Soto

     Hernando De Soto was an explorer who traveled through The New World. He came in through southwestern Florida and died in Ferriday, Louisiana. De Soto was born c. 1500 A.D. in Spain. He died of a fever on May 21, 1542.

     De Soto and his family were poor growing up. A person named Pedro Davila provided the money to send De Soto to a school called the University of Salamanca.

     Hernando De Soto started his fortune when he was just 14 when he traveled to the West Indies. Soon After, He heard about the gold in Inca territory and tagged along with Francisco Pizarro as his second in command.  They succeeded in finding gold and got rich off of it.

     In 1537 A.D., De Soto went to Cuba with a crew and sailed to what is now modern day Tampa Bay, Florida. For the next few years, he and his team traveled through the New World. After De Soto crossed the Mississippi river, he then became ill, and passed away.

The New World Times

The Mayflower              September 23, 1620


    The Mayflower finally left the harbor on September 6. It had to turn around twice because of the other ship with it called the Speedwell. The Speedwell had leaks in the ship. The pilgrims finally just left without the Speedwell. Things will turn out fine for the pilgrims. They plan on making their own colony and start over with their life.

     The pilgrims don't like the religiousness of England. The Anglican Church has the King in power as the head of the church. The puritan pilgrims wanted religious freedom, but not to lase their English heritage. The pilgrims are not alone, the ship has 105 people on it, and only 35 of them are pilgrims.

Obituary

Christopher Columbus


   Christopher Columbus was born on October 31, 1451. He grew up around Genoa, Italy. He had many life accomplishments, including finding the New World. Unfortunately, he died from heart failure on May 20, 1506. He gave inspiration to all of us and made the world seem A LOT bigger. We will all miss Christopher Columbus. He will be remembered for a long time.

Recipe

Apple Pillows

2 ¾ c. flour
2 large Eggs
1 c. water
½ tsp. salt
¾ c. sugar
2 tsp. cinnamon
6 medium apples

Oil for frying Combine all ingredients in a bowl and mix well. Batter will be rather moist (much like the consistency of sticky pastry batter). Quarter, or eighth, the apples, remove core and peel. Dry off all juices with a towel otherwise the batter won’t stick. Dunk apple pieces in batter; make sure all surfaces are coated. Fry in a pot of vegetable, or palm, oil. Be sure that there is enough oil in the pan that the apples do not sit on the bottom of the pan. Apple pillows will be fluffy, not crispy. Makes about 24+ pieces.

By The Numbers


144 settlers traveled to Jamestown

35 Pilgrims on the Mayflower

250,000 people in the colonies by 1700

2,500,000 people in the colonies by 1775

12,000,000 enslaved Africans between 1400's - 1800's

11 the age of olaudah Equiano was kidnapped from Nigeria

1754 the year the French and Indian war began

365 the days in the Mayan calendar

3000 the number of miles the Inca Empire stretched

1492 the year that Columbus reached the New World

Map & Info

The Colombian Exchange

    The Colombian Exchange was a great time for some, but a bad time for others. It was good because the Americas brought new livestock and food to the Old World. Sadly, the Old World brought diseases to the Americas. The Explorers accidentally brought the diseases over after all that trouble to make a new life.
     Can you imagine not being able to buy vanilla yogurt because vanilla wasn't known to the Europeans? What about the pumpkin pies or peanuts? So many new things were found in the new world, just look at the map.It shows most of what was "traded" between "worlds".

Work Cited Page


Biography on Hernando: http://www.biography.com/people/hernando-de-soto-..

Recipe: https://asunews.asu.edu/20100831_sixteenthcenturyfood

Mr. Jones' Power Point Notes ch. 1-4

Mr. Jones

My Brain

Google Images: https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=IEmKVPTXOcGzggS34oLABQ&ved=0CAMQqi4oAQ

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christopher_Columbus

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