# The Temple of Kukulkan

### Marlene Vollbrechthausen

## A little bit of history...

The temple of Kukulkan is located in the center of the archeological site of Chichen Itza in the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico.

The Kukulkan pyramid is a square, each side is 180 feet. The structure has nine floors with 52 terraces. It is relevant to mention that 52 is the number of years of the Toltec cycle. In the center of each side of the pyramid, there is a group of stairs at a 45 degree angle, flanked by two straight ramps that divide each side of the structure in 18 sections (the months of the Mayan year). The four staircases have a total of 364 steps leading to a square platform on the top the the pyramid, completing 365 steps (the days of the solar year).

The pyramid of Kukulkan is 90 feet tall.

This temple, built by the Toltec and the Mayan civilizations, was the place to worship Kukulkan god. Kukulkan means "feathered snake" and in the spring equinox, the sun casts shadows that look like a snake creeping down the pyramid. This visual effect is 123 feet long and happens at 3:00 pm, lasting ten minutes.

## Here are some Dimensons...

## How to find the Surface Area...

Of the Pyramid...

Of the top Temple....

Total Surface Area...