The Government in Ancient Greece
By Dane Baker
1,500 years ago in ancient Greece there were many different types of government. Two types of governments were democracy and tyranny. Tyranny consisted of one person who took over the government by force. The tyranny usually only lasted for a little while because of the angry citizens. Democracy was the preferred government for men. Democracy consisted of a group of men who decided on the laws together. In this government every man could speak and make suggestions to the group of men in charge. Even though the governments have many differences, they had some things in common. For instance, both governments had the power to send people away by using the jury.
The men in ancient Greece could do a lot more than the women. For instance, the women were not allowed to participate in the government. They could not suggest ideas or control the laws that are made. One thing that they could try and do was persuade a man into bringing up a certain topic at the assembly. If they succeeded, around 6,000 men would hear the idea. Even at young ages men were taught more than women and got to do more. At an early age men were trained to know how to be a judge. This action helped because they would choose judges by lottery to decide what to do. The machine they used to choose the judges was called a kleroterion. A bronze ticket with a name on it was placed in a slot. Two colored dice were rolled. The color represented where they would serve and the number was what row they picked out of. 301 to 1001 men were chosen to listen to the debates. If men got into trouble, it was hard to get out of trouble. If they went to the judges they would often have a writer write them a speech or bring in children with rags to get the judges’ sympathy.
Picture from http://www.davidgill.co.uk