The Space Race
Who: The Space Race was between the Soviet Union and the United States.
What: The Space Race was a competition about using technology to get people into space. Launching satellites into space, and people. The race reached its highest point when the U.S. got Apollo 11 to land on the moon.
When: It started August 2, 1955 when the Soviet Union responded to the United States announcement four days earlier of intent to launch an artificial satallite. It ended in 1972.
Where: In Russia and the United States.
Why; For supremacy in spaceflight.