Uniting America

Top Ten

1. Stamp Act: The Stamp Act was passed by Parliament and it required all American colonists to pay a tax every time they used a piece of printed paper; newspapers, legal documents and other publications.

2. Tea Act: The Tea Act was one of the several things imposed on the American colonists by the British government. This Act was mainly not for the American colonists, but to get money to bail out the East India Company.

3. Boston Tea Party: The midnight raid, which was when a group of colonists disguised as Indians boarded British ships and dumped chests of tea over board, was popularly know as the Boston Tea Party. This was an act of protest towards the British Parliaments Tea Act.

4. Boston Massacre: A street fight between a colonist mob and some British soldiers that quickly turned into several colonists that were killed.

5. The Sons of Liberty: the Sons of Liberty were people that joined together to form a group that protested against the Stamp Act and that were eventually called the "Sons of Liberty".

6. The Declaration of Independence: It was a Declaration adopted by the Continental Congress, that said the colonists wanted their independence from the British and were declaring that they were to become and independent nation

7. Articles of Confederation: The Articles of Confederation was the first written Constitution of the United States that stated that states would remain sovereign and independent.

8. The Revolutionary War: The Revolutionary War started with great tension between the British and the 13 North American colonies. In the end, the Americans had won but the fighting didn't stop until 4 years later after the war was over.

9. The Constitution: The Constitution established the United States government and basic laws and it also guaranteed rights for the citizens.

10. The Bill of Rights: The Bill of Rights are the 10 amendments to the Constitution, in response to many calls for greater constitutional protection.

Timeline

Stamp Act: The Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament on March 22, 1765

The Sons of Liberty: they gathered the evening of December 16, 1765 to write a letter to the stamp officer

Boston Massacre: The street fight happened in 1770

Tea Act: The Tea Act was a measure imposed on the colonists in the year 1773

Boston Tea Party: The colonists boarded the ships of the British on December 16, 1773

Declaration of Independence: It was made by 13 colonies on July 4th, 1776 to declare their independence from Great Britain

Articles of Confederation: They were written between 1777-1781, that explained the functions of the national government

The Revolutionary War: Was a war between the 13 American colonies and Great Britain that lasted from 1775-1783

The Constitution: It was signed in the year 1787

The Bill of Rights: The Bill of Rights was written by James Madison in 1791

Biographical Summary

James Madison was born in 1751, in Orange county, Virginia. He was one of 12 children in his family. When he was just 11 years old he was sent to a boarding school and returned back to his fathers estate five years later. He eventually went to college in New Jersey- now known as Princeton University. He returned to Virginia in 1772, and soon found himself caught up in the tensions between the colonists and the British authorities. James Madison later on realized that he was very skillful at writing, and he soon began to put that talent to work. In 1787 he represented Virginia at the Constitutional Convention and campaigned for a strong central government. In 1789 Madison won a seat in the U.S House of Representatives and he later on became a strong force behind the Bill of Rights and submitted his suggested amendments to the Constitution to Congress in 1789. Then  Thomas Jefferson and James Madison abandoned the Federalist party and made their own called the Democratic-Republican party. Then after a couple years he returned back to his wife in Virginia, and they later on had a son named Payne. In 1808, Madison won the presidential election by a lot. While Madison was in office, they had lots of problems and the tension grew between America and the British. Madison eventually left office in 1817, and he and his wife retired back to Virginia. Madison then died on June 28th, 1836.

Newspaper Article

When armed conflict began to break out between the British and America, the colonials mostly only fought for their rights as subjects but it wasn't until the Revolutionary War when people really started to want their independence from Great Britain. Once the war was in full swing, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, and Benjamin Franklin were all tasked with creating a draft of the colonies intentions. As Jefferson drafted it, the Declaration of Independence was split into five parts, including the introduction, a preamble, a body (that was divided into two sections) and a conclusion. Thomas Jefferson then formally wrote the Declaration of Independence on July 4th, 1776.

Obituary

George Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Virginia and died on December 14, 1799, also in Virginia. Throughout his life he made many wonderful life- changing accomplishments that affected this country in so many positive ways. Those accomplishments included, serving in the American Revolution as a general and commander of the colonial army to help fight Great Britain, and also as our first official US president. As a commander  he showed no fear, and great courage to lead his army and us to success. Also as a president, he provided a great example for future presidents as to what a president should do and what they should act like. George Washington will always be remembered forever, throughout history, as a great man with great courage and leadership.

Potato Soup Recipe

Put in a large saucepan:

3 cups (700ml) potatoes, diced
3/4 cup (175 ml) celery, chopped
1/2 cup (125 ml) onion, chopped

Add just enough boiling water to cover, and cook until tender and most of the water is absorbed.

Heat, but do not boil:
5 cups (1200 ml) milk

Add to the cooked vegetables, along with:
5 tbsp (75 ml) butter
1 tsp (5 ml) salt
pepper to taste

Heat through, but do not boil. Serve, garnished with parsley, if you like.

(found at:  http://allthingsliberty.com/2013/05/family-dinner-soup-molasses-bread-jeffersons-meringues/)

By the Numbers

10 amendments of the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights

342 chests of tea were thrown over board during the Boston Tea Party

There are 5 different sections to the Declaration of Independence

There are a total of 27 constitutional amendments

There were 13 colonies

The Sons of Liberty were also called the loyal 9

3 people were shot in the Boston Massacre

There were 18,152 Americans captured by the British in the Revolutionary War

500,000 Americans stayed loyal to Great Britain during the Revolution

There were 56 men that signed the Declaration of Independence

Map

The Revolutionary War was a war for independence that was fought between the 13 American colonies and Great Britain. America was fighting against Great Britain because currently Great Britain had almost all power over America, but the colonies didn't like that so they wanted their independence. The war lasted from 1775 to 1783. There were many battles that happened in the Revolutionary war and they each lasted quite some time. The first battle that happened between them occurred in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775. In 1778, France decided to get involved and help the colonists and what had essentially been a civil war turned into an international conflict. After the French had assisted the Americans, they ended up beating the British at the battle of Yorktown, Virginia in 1779, and the Americans had finally won their independence. The war didn't end though until they signed the final and official peace treaty in Paris in 1783.

Cited Works

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