President Jimmy Carter established the President's Commission on the Holocaust in 1978. Later in 1979, with the help of Elie Wiesel, the Commission submitted its report to president Carter. In 1980 Congress voted yes, and construction started. Finally on April 26, 1993 the National Holocaust Museum was officially opened to the public.
During construction, architect James Ingo Freed (who was also a holocaust survivor), planned for the museum to have three sections: "Nazi Assault", "Final Solution", and "Last Chapter". Today as visitors enter they receive an ID card with a victim from the Holocaust. As they go through the three-layer exhibit they slowly learn the fate of the person on their card.
The museum not only has paid individuals working, but also 91 holocaust survivors that give a firsthand telling of the chilling experience.