Part 1- The Aral Sea
1. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan
2.The Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers.
3. World Bank Uzbek
4.The water supply of the sea was diverted to irrigate the desert region surrounding the Sea in order to favor agriculture
5. Fish, water, transportation.
6. Plains are covered with salt and toxic chemicals, water drought, crops are destroyed due to oversalinization.
7. The fishing industry has been greatly affected and declined immensely.
8. The situation was created by humans creating an increase in salinity and a decrease in biodiversity. The Salton sea has a significantly higher amount of salinity because the water is enclosed.
9. A dead zone.
10. Higher rates of cancer, anemia, lung disease, digestive disorder, and respiratory illness.
11. By using multiple sustainable techniques the Aral Sea can be realistically rehabilitated.
12. Comparison of Mono Lake and the Aral Sea:
13. The Mono Lake situation arose when Los Angeles diverted water to supply the population growth.
14. The water was diverted by humans, loss of biodiversity specifically in fish, the area around the sea was depleted.
15. The Aral Sea has a significant lack of fish while Mono Lake still has fish. One was diverted for irrigation and one was diverted for population growth. Mono Lake can be rehabilitate but the Aral Sea cannot be, it's basically a dead zone.
16. Environmental education has been put into place to remind people of wise water use. California Fish and Game Service and the California State Water Resources Control Board have tried to aid in the recovery of Mono Lake.
Part 2- The Colorado River
Increasing salty water is the result of the diversion of the Salton sea, while the Colorado River is experiencing less impactful results after the diversion. The receding of the Aral sea is due to the irrigation as well. Diversion in the Colorado is due mainly to growing populations in that area.
Tributary- a stream of freshwater that feeds into larger bodies of water.
The source of the Colorado River is the Rocky Mountains in the north of Colorado.
Main Tributaries: -The uppermost tributaries within Colorado are the Gunnison, Roaring Fork River, San Juan -The Green River, which covers Wyoming, Utah, and Colorado. -The Paria River which joins at northern Arizona and southern Utah. -In the lower basin Gila is the chief tributary
The most important origin of water in the Colorado River is that most of the water is supplied by runoff from high mountain systems. When it comes to deciding where water in the river system goes, the seven states of the Colorado River Basin decide. It is generally divided based on upper and lower basins.
Watershed- an area of land where all living things are linked by the water in that area, all of the water eventually ends up at the end of the area.
The water goes through dams and aqueducts and is spread to other states. Conflicts arise about things such as endangerment of organisms and how much water each sate should receive. They would be resolved through conferences which determine what is best to do. If there are conflicts that have to do with public and private use management the Colorado River Salinity Control program resolves them. In a case that they cannot be resolved by the control program, they will be sometimes brought to the supreme court.
There is increasingly depleted water in Mexico, this is due to the amount of water in the Colorado River dropping as well. This problem exists because we are using more water then what is being returned naturally. Reducing the amount that we use this resource can help to prevent this problem.
The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers are on the Persian Gulf, and cross international boundaries. This can cause more problems then the Colorado River due to it being such an arid region and it can increase unstable international relations.
The Colorado River has a lower discharge rate then the Yangtze River in China. Rapidly increasing population is causing for diversion of both of the rivers.
The Three Gorges Dam which is located on the Yangtze River was built to hold back flood water and supply electrical power. This dam was extremely controversial due tot the amount of people who had to move from their homes and be relocated. This dam is different from dams on the Colorado River because of relocation, and the fragmentation of the fish habitat because the fish cant swim upwards in the Yangtze River. Along with greatly affected forty-four archaeology sites.