Streptococcus Salivarius
by: Karla Martinez

What is a Streptococcus Salivarius?                                                                                 - A Streptococcus Salivarius is the first and main bacterium in the oral cavity found in the human mouth. (Streptococcus Salivarius aka: biofilms)

How does it obtain energy?                                                                                               - Streptococcus Salivarius obtains energy from lactose (aka. Milk Sugar). Lactose is a disaccharide made up of glucose and galactose, which is an important energy source to Streptococcus Salivarius.

How does Streptococcus Salivarius reproduce?                                                                  - By Binary Fission (Asexual)

How does it deal with environmental changes?                                                                 -Streptococcus Salivarius has adapted to in-mouth conditions. Moist and enclosed areas.

How does it affect the environment / Individuals?                                                            -  When sugars and lactose build up on the surface of your teeth, Streptococcus Salivarius starts to form. When Streptococcus Salivarius is formed a cavity is left on your teeth. Streptococcus Salivarius starts to hurt your teeth becasue it's feeding on the sugars and lactose that have sunk into your teeth.

How does it contribute or harm the health of an Ecosystem?                                         - Streptococcus Salivarius can invade Candida Albicans which both come in role of Oral Candidias. Oral Candidias cause oral inflammation and is harmful to the inner part of the human mouth.

What's its Taxonomic Classification?                                                                              - Bacteria; Firmicutes; Bacilli; Lactobacillales; Streptococcaceae; Streptococcus; Streptococcus salivarius.

Sources:                                                                                                                       -http://aem.asm.org/content/79/4/1265.full

-http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC262714...

-https://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Streptoco...

-http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC330262...

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