Leukemia

By Kristen Ranson and Hinnah Mian

Anat/Phys Pd. 3

Definition: Leukemia is a cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system.

Causes

  • Previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  • Exposure to high doses of radiation or to benzene
  • Family history
  • Genetic abnormality
  • Genetic disorders like down syndrome or Fanconi anemia

Symptoms

  •   Fever or chills
  • Persistent fatigue weakness
  • Frequent or severe infections
  • Losing weight without trying
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Enlarged liver or spleen
  • Easy bleeding or bruising
  • Nosebleeds
  • Excessive sweating
  • Bone pain or tenderness

Diagnostic Tests

  •   Check for enlarged lymph nodes in neck, underarm, or groin
  • Check for enlarged liver or spleen
  • Do a complete blood count and a blood chemistry test
  • Do a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy

Incidence

       The number of new cases was 13 per 100,000 people per year and the number of deaths was 7 per 100,000 per year.

Prevention

       No known way of prevention.

Risk Factors

  •   Previous cancer treatment
  • Genetic disorders
  • Certain blood disorders
  • Exposure to high levels of radiation
  • Exposure to certain chemicals
  • Smoking
  • Family history of leukemia

Treatment

  • Watchful waiting
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Biological therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Surgery

Works Cited

"Leukemia." Definition. Mayo Clinic, 2013. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Leukemia." Causes. Mayo Clinic, 3 Oct. 2013. Web. 24 Feb. 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Leukemia." Symptoms. Mayo Clinic, 3 Oct. 2013. Web. 02 Mar. 2015.

"Leukemia-Exams and Tests." WebMD. WebMD, 14 Dec. 2012. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

"Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results ProgramTurning Cancer Data Into                       Discovery." Leukemia. National Cancer Institute, 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2015

"Leukemia-Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, 14 Dec. 2012. Web. 09 Mar. 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Risk Factors." Leukemia. Mayo Clinic, 3 Oct. 2013. Web. 10 Mar.                 2015.

"Leukemia-Treatment Overview." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 09 Mar. 2015.

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