Constitutional Convention Terms

Checks And Balances, Balance Of Powers:

Constitution gives a degree of balance between each of the three branches (executive, legislative, and judicial). This balance comes from giving each branch influence over the others. This way, no one branch can over power the others.

Electoral College:

The Electoral College is the body that elects the president. Each state is represented by a number of Electors equal to that state's combined representation in the House of Representatives and the Senate. To be elected to the presidency, a candidate must receive a majority of the Electoral College votes cast.

Executive Branch:

The branch of government charged with putting laws into effect and the administering of its functions (the president).


Originated in opposition to the Democratic-Republican Party during George Washington’s first term. Supports strong central government, ratification of constitution, emphasized commercial and diplomatic harmony with Britain.

Judicial Branch:

Of or relating to courts of law or to the administration of justice, interprets law and applies it to the facts of each case (Supreme Court).

Legislative Branch:

Has the power to enact, amend, and repeal laws (Congress).


Favors a strong national government, break ties withBritain


Approve and give formal sanction to; acceptance or confirmation of an act or agreement that was signed (executed) by the confirming party itself.

Republican Ideology:

Government without a king; a political system based on the notion of an independent, informed, participatory citizenry.

Unicameral, Bicameral:

Having or being a single legislative chamber; uni = one chamber; bicameral = two chambers.

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