1st Battle of Bull Run
This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16, 1861, the Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from Washington against the Confederate army, which was behind Bull Run beyond Centreville.
The Union and Confederate armies marched at each other for the first time on July 16, 1861. At first the Confederates were pushed back to Henry Hill.
But later in the afternoon Confederate reinforcements broke the union right flank.
At the battles climax Confederates smashed into the confused Union Army scattering them.
The Union army retreat was heavily disorganized. They turned over wagons and cannon fire from the Confederates made the casualties and panic worse.
Even though the Confederates had won the first major battle both sides knew that this was not going to be a short and easy war.