Auschwitz

By: Tabitha Maskell

Summary:

Auschwitz is a well know concentration camp. It was also one of the biggest concentration camps. They made Jews work just to kill them in the end. This was a horrible place to be.

Ten facts:

1 Construction of a concentration camp there began in May 1940

2 Josef Melange did medical experimentation on inmates. This included testing on infants, twins, dwarves, pregnant women.

3 Auschwitz II was the first camp to have a gas chamber and crematorium.

4 Nazi physicians frequently attended Auschwitz III to conduct "selections". Those who were not well were transferred to Auschwitz II-Birkenau for extermination.

5 There were three locations at Auschwitz

6 The prisoners heads were shaved and was used for military uses.

7 The gas that was used to kill people was called Zyklon B.

8 If a prisoner went missing the rest of prisoners were forced to stand in formation until they found them.

9 It was reported that 800 prisoners tried escape but, only 144 were successful.

10 Near the end of 1944 the Soviet Red Army was approaching Auschwitz and the officers received orders to kill the remaining inmates and get rid of the evidence of what had happened there. There wasn't enough time to destroy everything so, they made them march to a different concentration camp.

Timeline:

1 May 1940 -Construction of a concentration camp there began

2 June 1941 - the workers received new orders to make it the final solution to the Jewish question. Auschwitz was initially intended to house German career criminals and Polish political prisoners.

3 October 1941 - Auschwitz 2 began construction.

4 Mid-1942 - Auschwitz was complete.

5 Through 1942 - The number of Jews and other inmates escalated

6 October 1942 - Auschwitz 3 was constructed.

7 Early 1943 - crematoria II was constructed.

8 Mid-1943 - The majority of victims at Auschwitz were killed.

9 In 1944 The Soviet Red Army was rapidly approaching. The SS officers at Auschwitz received orders to murder the remaining inmates and destroy evidence of what had happened there. They didn't have enough time so they moved the prisoners to another concentration camp.

10 About 7,500 prisoners were too weak to march and were left behind at Auschwitz. the people that survived were liberated by the Soviets on January 27th 1945.

5 People:

Thomas Blatt - Jewish Prisoner. Thomas Blatt was one of the very few survivors of Sobibor (death camp).

Pavel Stenkin - Soviet POW. Pavel Stenkin was a Red Army prisoner at Auschwitz.

Moshe Tavor - Moshe Tavor was a member of the Jewish Bridge in 1944 - 1945.

Hans Friedrich - a member of the 1st Infantry Bridge. He claims not to recall exactly the actions in which he took part that summer and he did admit that he participated in the killing of Jew.

Oskar Gröning - started working at Auschwitz. His job was to supervise the collection of luggage taken from the Jews. He was also in charge of counting the money stolen from the Jews.

"A Hero"

The Soviet Red Army were "Heroes" they saved the prisoners while they were in the new concentration camp.

Why is it important for people to know about Auschwitz and what should be remembered about it?

Auschwitz should be remembered because it was a horrible place. Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp. No other concentration camp compares to Auschwitz. They killed the most Jews there. The Jews were killed with gas, burned, shot, and sometimes buried alive.

citations:

"Victims and Perpetrators." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.

"Auschwitz-Birkenau: History & Overview." History & Overview of Auschwitz-Birkenau. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.

"Auschwitz-Birkenau Extermination Camp (Poland)." Auschwitz-Birkenau Extermination Camp (Poland). N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.

"Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp Complex --data and Summary Facts." Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp Complex --data and Summary Facts. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.

"Auschwitz." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.

"Auschwitz." The Holocaust. N.p., 19 July 2012. Web. 29 May 2015.

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