The Sui had two rulers in its time. The first was emperor Wendi. After Wendi died his son Yang Di took over. The Sui had a strong central government. They also had it to where it was reformed around the bureaucracy. They also gave all men land to have grain. The capital is Chang'an. Buddhism was spread around during the Sui. Some achievements were that they created a new legal code. They also made the Grand Canal and started to rebuild the Great Wall.
The Tang also had two rulers. The first was Taizong. He ruled from 626 to 629. He had talented ministers, military conquests, and had schools built. After him came Wu Zhao. Wu Zhao, a woman ruled through her son and the last one is Zuanzong. She is the only woman to hold the title in all of Chinese history. The capitals were Chang'an and Luoyang. Their government was also around the bureaucracy and was also strong and central. Some things that spread were Buddhism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Some achievements were that trade increased irrigation.
The Song Dynasty ruled from 960-1279. The Song Dynasty did not have a known emperor. The Song did keep the basic government as the dynasties before them. They continued on with the bureaucracy. Their capital is located in the city of Kaifeng. During this time Neo-Confucianism spread throughout China. Poetry became well know once Du Fu and Li Bo began to write. Painting also spread during this time. Some achievements were Pagoda, woodblock printing, gunpowder, and magnetic compass.
Mongols and Yuan Dynasty
Over the 80 years the Mongols ruled they had 3 leaders. The first to come was the well known Genghis Khan. He was a strong military leader who struck fear in the heart of the people he attacked. After him came Kublai Khan. Then after him came Hulegu. The Mongols were a monarchy unlike China. Their capital was in Khanbaliq. The Mongols adopted Islam at the time. Some achievements were that they conquered a ton of land and had the largest empire. The Yuan dynasty was ruled by Kublai Khan. They were a bureaucracy and their capital is located near the city of Beijing. Trade increased during their time. They also sent Marco Polo on adventures.
The Yamato Clan did not have a known ruler. They were a bureaucracy and their capital is located in the city of Honshu. They believed their emperors were related to the sun goddess. Some later Emperors thought they were related to the goddess also. The Heian period also did not have a known ruler. They were also a bureaucracy and their capital was located in Heian. It was a period of peace and easy going. The tale of Genji was a huge success during the time.
Japan had one dynasty. It was the Koryo Dynasty. The ruler was Wang Kon. They were a bureaucracy and their capital was in Songdo. They adopted many aspects of the Tang Dynasty's culture. They also created a new system of metal moveable type printing.
The Pagan Kingdom ruled from 840-1200. Their leader was Anawratha. The Pagan Kingdom was a monarchy. They had a Buddhist culture in which they followed. They built many temples that were admired from around the world. The Khmer was another empire in the South. Their leader was Angkor Wat. They were also a monarchy. They also followed the religion Buddhism. They also built many temples like the Pagans. There were also trading kingdoms in the south. They didn't really have a leader. They had a bureaucracy unlike the Pagans and Khmer. They were mainly Buddhist but had some Hindu aspects. They made many beautiful artworks. Vietnam was another place in the South. They had two leader Trung Trac and Trung Nhi. They also had a bureaucracy. Vietnam was Confucianism and Daoism. They fought against China and gained their independence in the 1200's.